Gate Chemistry Handwritten Notes pdf free download 2022

Gate Chemistry Handwritten Notes pdf free download | Gate Chemistry Handwritten Notes pdf | Gate Chemistry Handwritten Notes pdf free download

Download Gate Chemistry Handwritten Notes pdf free

Gate Chemistry Handwritten Notes pdf DOWNLOAD

GATE Chemistry Syllabus 2023 consists of 3 sections – Physical Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, Organic Chemistry. These sections incorporate all the major topics of chemistry in the graduate level. The important subjects of the syllabus, as per as per the previous year GATE Paper Analysis , include – Group theory,Chemical Equilibrium, Chemical Kinetics, Spectroscopy, Reaction mechanisms, Bio-inorganic chemistry, Organometallics, Transitional elements, and Organic Synthesis.

GATE 2023 is scheduled for Febraury 5, 6, 12 and 13, 2022. GATE 2023 chemistry paper consists of a total of 65 Questions with 55 questions from the core subjects, whereas 10 Questions are asked from the general aptitude. Candidates will be given 3 hours to complete the paper and will be negative markings for every incorrect response. . The paper code for GATE Chemistry paper is CY and candidates who have opted for this paper have the option of undertaking either Chemical Engineering (CH) or Life Sciences (XL) as their second paper. 

Download GATE All Subjects [2007-2022] previous year Question Paper pdf

GATE PaperCodeGATE PaperCode
Aerospace EngineeringAEInstrumentation EngineeringIN
Agricultural EngineeringAGMathematicsMA
Architecture and PlanningARMechanical EngineeringME
Biomedical EngineeringBMMining EngineeringMN
BiotechnologyBTMetallurgical EngineeringMT
Civil EngineeringCENaval Architecture and Marine Engineering (New Paper)NM
Chemical EngineeringCHPetroleum EngineeringPE
Computer Science and Information TechnologyCSPhysicsPH
ChemistryCYProduction and Industrial EngineeringPI
Electronics and Communication EngineeringECStatisticsST
Electrical EngineeringEETextile Engineering and Fibre ScienceTF
Environmental Science & EngineeringESEngineering SciencesXE
Ecology and EvolutionEYHumanities & Social SciencesXH
Geomatics Engineering (New Paper)GELife SciencesXL
Geology and GeophysicsGG

GATE 2023 Exam Pattern : Chemistry

If you are preparing  for this exam from Chemistry then first you  must know about the complete details of the examination like syllabus, number of Questions ,types of questions etc. to go straight forward towards your goals. There is a fixed pattern of conducting the GATE exam for almost every subjects.

Mode of ExaminationOnline Computer Based Test (CBT)
Exam Duration 3 Hours (180 Minutes)
Sectional Time LimitNone
SubjectChemistry (CY)
Total Number of questions65
Language English 
Total Number of Questions65 Questions
Type of QuestionsMultiple Choice Questions (MCQ);
Multiple Select Questions (MSQ);
Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions
Total Marks100 Marks
Marking Scheme1 or 2 marks for the each correct answer For 1 mark MCQ, 1/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer;

For 2-mark MCQ, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer;

And for MSQs and NATs there is No any negative marking

GATE 2023 Marking scheme : Chemistry

Section Distribution of MarksTotal MarksTypes of questions
General Ability5 questions of 1 mark each 5 questions of 2 marks each15 marks MCQs
Chemistry25 questions of 1 mark each 30 questions of 2 marks each 85 marksMCQs and NATs

GATE 2023 Negative Marking : Chemistry

Type of QuestionCorrect AnswerIncorrect Answer
MCQ1 or 2 Marks⅓ for 1 mark questions
⅔ for 2 marks questions
NAT1 or 2 MarksNo Negative Marking

GATE Chemistry Syllabus 2023 : Weightage of Important Topics

By the Previous Year GATE Chemistry Paper Analysis, the general trend in the GATE Chemistry exam in terms of the weightage of the different subjects is given below.

SectionApproximate Number of Questions asked
Chemical Equilibrium 4
Chemical Kinetics 5
Group Theory 3
Transitional Elements 3
Stereochemistry 4
Organics Synthesis5
Biomolecules 2
Experimentation techniques in Organic Chemistry 2
Reaction Mechanisms5
Main Group Elements 4
Structure 3
Spectroscopy 2
Heterocyclic Compounds:2
Pericyclic Reactions and Photochemistry 2

GATE Chemistry Syllabus 2023

GATE Chemistry Syllabus consists of three sections- Physical Chemistry, Inorganic chemistry and Organic Chemistry. Here, we are providing the complete syllabus of Chemistry for GATE which is given below:

Section 1 – Physical Chemistry

StructurePostulates of quantum mechanics. Operators. Time-dependent and time-independent Schrödinger equations. Born interpretation. Dirac bra-ket notation. Particle in a box: infinite and finite square wells; concept of tunnelling; particle in 1D, 2D and 3D-box; applications. Harmonic oscillator: harmonic and anharmonic potentials; hermite polynomials. Rotational motion: Angular momentum operators, Rigid rotor. Hydrogen and hydrogen-like atoms : atomic orbitals; radial distribution function. Multi-electron atoms: orbital approximation; electron spin; Pauli exclusion principle; slater determinants. Approximation Methods: Variation method and secular determinants; first order perturbation techniques. Atomic units. Molecular structure and Chemical bonding: Born-Oppenheimer approximation; Valence bond theory and linear combination of atomic orbitals – molecular orbital (LCAO-MO) theory. Hybrid orbitals. Applications of LCAO-MO theory to H2 +, H2; molecular orbital theory (MOT) of homo- and heteronuclear diatomic molecules. Hückel approximation and its application to annular π– electron systems
Group theorySymmetry elements and operations; Point groups and character tables; Internal coordinates and vibrational modes; symmetry adapted linear combination of atomic orbitals (LCAO-MO); construction of hybrid orbitals using symmetry aspects.
SpectroscopyAtomic spectroscopy; Russell-Saunders coupling; Term symbols and spectral details; origin of selection rules. Rotational, vibrational, electronic and Raman spectroscopy of diatomic and polyatomic molecules. Line broadening. Einstein’s coefficients. Relationship of transition moment integral with molar extinction coefficient and oscillator strength. Basic principles of nuclear magnetic resonance: gyromagnetic ratio; chemical shift, nuclear coupling.
EquilibriumLaws of thermodynamics. Standard states. Thermochemistry. Thermodynamic functions and their relationships: Gibbs-Helmholtz and Maxwell relations, Gibbs-Duhem equation, van’t Hoff equation. Criteria of spontaneity and equilibrium. Absolute entropy. Partial molar quantities. Thermodynamics of mixing. Chemical potential. Fugacity, activity and activity coefficients. Ideal and Non-ideal solutions, Raoult’s Law and Henry’s Law, Chemical equilibria. Dependence of equilibrium constant on temperature and pressure. Ionic mobility and conductivity. Debye-Hückel limiting law. Debye-Hückel-Onsager equation. Standard electrode potentials and electrochemical cells. Nernst Equation and its application, relationship between Electrode potential and thermodynamic quantities, Potentiometric and conductometric titrations. Phase rule. Clausius- Clapeyron equation. Phase diagram of one component systems: CO2, H2O, S; two component systems: liquid- vapour, liquid-liquid and solid-liquid systems. Fractional distillation. Azeotropes and eutectics. Statistical thermodynamics: microcanonical, canonical and grand canonical ensembles, Boltzmann distribution, partition functions and thermodynamic properties.
KineticsElementary, parallel, opposing and consecutive reactions. Steady state approximation. Mechanisms of complex reactions. Unimolecular reactions. Potential energy surfaces and classical trajectories, Concept of Saddle points, Transition state theory: Eyring equation, thermodynamic aspects. Kinetics of polymerization. Catalysis concepts and enzyme catalysis. Kinetic isotope effects. Fast reaction kinetics: relaxation and flow methods. Diffusion controlled reactions. Kinetics of photochemical and photophysical processes.
Surfaces and InterfacesPhysisorption and chemisorption. Langmuir, Freundlich and Brunauer–Emmett– Teller (BET) isotherms. Surface catalysis: Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism. Surface tension, viscosity. Self- assembly. Physical chemistry of colloids, micelles and macromolecules.

Section 2 – Inorganic Chemistry

Main Group Elements: Hydrides, halides, oxides, oxoacids, nitrides, sulfides – shapes and reactivity. Structure and bonding of boranes, carboranes, silicones, silicates, boron nitride, borazines and phosphazenes. Allotropes of carbon, phosphorus and sulphur. Industrial synthesis of compounds of main group elements. Chemistry of noble gases, pseudohalogens, and interhalogen compounds. Acid-base concepts and principles (Lewis, Brønsted, HSAB and acid-base catalysis).
Transition ElementsCoordination chemistry – structure and isomerism, theories of bonding (VBT, CFT, and MOT). Energy level diagrams in various crystal fields, CFSE, applications of CFT, Jahn-Teller distortion. Electronic spectra of transition metal complexes: spectroscopic term symbols, selection rules, Orgel and Tanabe- Sugano diagrams, nephelauxetic effect and Racah parameter, charge-transfer spectra. Magnetic properties of transition metal complexes. Ray-Dutt and Bailar twists,
Reaction mechanismskinetic and thermodynamic stability, substitution and redox reactions. Metal-metal multiple bond. Lanthanides and Actinides: Recovery. Periodic properties, spectra and magnetic properties.
Organometallics18-Electron rule; metal-alkyl, metal-carbonyl, metal-olefin and metal- carbene complexes and metallocenes. Fluxionality in organometallic complexes. Types of organometallic reactions. Homogeneous catalysis – Hydrogenation, hydroformylation, acetic acid synthesis, metathesis and olefin oxidation. Heterogeneous catalysis – Fischer- Tropsch reaction, Ziegler-Natta polymerization.
Radioactivity:Detection of radioactivity, Decay processes, half-life of radioactive elements, fission and fusion processes. Bioinorganic Chemistry: Ion (Na+ and K+) transport, oxygen binding, transport and utilization, electron transfer reactions, nitrogen fixation, metalloenzymes containing magnesium, molybdenum, iron, cobalt, copper and zinc.
SolidsCrystal systems and lattices, Miller planes, crystal packing, crystal defects, Bragg’s law, ionic crystals, structures of AX, AX2, ABX3 type compounds, spinels, band theory, metals and semiconductors. Instrumental Methods of Analysis: UV-visible, fluorescence and FTIR spectrophotometry, NMR and ESR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, atomic absorption spectroscopy, Mössbauer spectroscopy (Fe and Sn) and X- ray crystallography. Chromatography including GC and HPLC. Electroanalytical methods- polarography, cyclic voltammetry, ion-selective electrodes. Thermoanalytical methods.

Section 3 – Organic Chemistry

StereochemistryChirality and symmetry of organic molecules with or without chiral centres and determination of their absolute configurations. Relative stereochemistry in compounds having more than one stereogenic centre. Homotopic, enantiotopic and diastereotopic atoms, groups and faces. Stereoselective and stereospecific synthesis. Conformational analysis of acyclic and cyclic compounds. Geometrical isomerism and optical isomerism. Configurational and conformational effects, atropisomerism, and neighbouring group participation on reactivity and selectivity/specificity.
Reaction Mechanisms:Basic mechanistic concepts – kinetic versus thermodynamic control, Hammond’s postulate and Curtin-Hammett principle. Methods of determining reaction mechanisms through kinetics, identification of products, intermediates and isotopic labelling. Linear free-energy relationship – Hammett and Taft equations. Nucleophilic and electrophilic substitution reactions (both aromatic and aliphatic). Additional reactions to carbon-carbon and carbon-heteroatom (N and O) multiple bonds. Elimination reactions. Reactive intermediates – carbocations, carbanions, carbenes, nitrenes, arynes and free radicals. Molecular rearrangements.
Organic Synthesis:Synthesis, reactions, mechanisms and selectivity involving the following classes of compounds – alkenes, alkynes, arenes, alcohols, phenols, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, esters, nitriles, halides, nitro compounds, amines and amides. Uses of Mg, Li, Cu, B, Zn, P, S, Sn and Si based reagents in organic synthesis. Carbon-carbon bond formation through coupling reactions – Heck, Suzuki, Stille, Sonogoshira, Negishi, Kumada, Hiyama, Tsuji-Trost, olefin metathesis and McMurry. Concepts of multistep synthesis – retrosynthetic analysis, strategic disconnections, synthons and synthetic equivalents. Atom economy and Green Chemistry, Umpolung reactivity – formyl and acyl anion equivalents. Selectivity in organic synthesis – chemo-, regio- and stereoselectivity. Protection and deprotection of functional groups. Concepts of asymmetric synthesis – resolution (including enzymatic), desymmetrization and use of chiral auxiliaries, organocatalysis. Carbon-carbon and carbon-heteroatom bond forming reactions through enolates (including boron enolates), enamines and silyl enol ethers. Stereoselective addition to C=O groups (Cram, Prelog and Felkin-Anh models).
Pericyclic Reactions and Photochemistry: Electrocyclic, cycloaddition and sigmatropic reactions. Orbital correlations – FMO and PMO treatments, Woodward-Hoffmann rule. Photochemistry of alkenes, arenes and carbonyl compounds. Photooxidation and photoreduction. Di-π-methane rearrangement, Barton-McCombie reaction, Norrish type-I and II cleavage reaction.
Heterocyclic Compounds:Structure, preparation, properties and reactions of furan, pyrrole, thiophene, pyridine, indole, quinoline and isoquinoline.
BiomoleculesStructure, properties and reactions of mono- and di-saccharides, physicochemical properties of amino acids, chemical synthesis of peptides, chemical structure determination of peptides and proteins, structural features of proteins, nucleic acids, lipids, steroids, terpenoids, carotenoids, and alkaloids.
Experimental techniques in organic chemistryOptical rotation (polarimetry). Applications of various chromatographic techniques such as thin-layer, column, HPLC and GC. Applications of UV-visible, IR, NMR and Mass spectrometry in the structural determination of organic molecules.

Download Gate Chemistry Handwritten Notes pdf free

》 Chemical Bonding & Main Group ElementsDOWNLOAD PDF
》 Chemical KineticsDOWNLOAD PDF
》 Coordination Chemistry , Bioinorganic, Lanthenide & ActenideDOWNLOAD PDF
》 Group TheoryDOWNLOAD PDF
》 ElectrochemistryDOWNLOAD PDF
》 Aromacity , Pericyclic & PhotochemistryDOWNLOAD PDF
》 Organic Synthesis ReagentsDOWNLOAD PDF
》 Organometallic ChemistryDOWNLOAD PDF
》ThermochemistryDOWNLOAD PDF
》 SterochemistryDOWNLOAD PDF
》 SpectrochemistryDOWNLOAD PDF
》 Mass SpectroscopyDOWNLOAD PDF
》 General Organic Chemistry DOWNLOAD PDF
》 Organic Reaction Mechanism & Name Reaction DOWNLOAD PDF
》Pericylic ReactionDOWNLOAD PDF
》Quantum ChemistryDOWNLOAD PDF
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