Gate Physics Syllabus 2023 | Free PDF Download

GATE Physics syllabus PDF | GATE syllabus | GATE 2023 Syllabus for Physics pdf Download

Download Gate Physics Syllabus 2023 PDF

Gate Physics

GATE Syllabus for Physics 2023 consists of topics from Core Physics and General Aptitude. The majority of questions i.e. 85% are asked from the core subject and the rest of the questions i.e. 15% from general aptitude topics. There will be a total of 55 questions from the core physics and 10 questions from General Aptitude. The exam will be held online as a computer based test for three hours. 

Candidates who have opted for GATE Physics as their first paper can select the second paper from EC/ GG/ IN/ MA/ MT/ ST. The major topics in the core Physics subject of GATE Syllabus for PH include Mathematical Physics, Classical Mechanics, Electromagnetic Theory, Quantum Mechanics, Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Solid State Physics, Electronics and Nuclear and Particle Physics. 

GATE 2023 Exam Pattern 

If you are preparing  for this exam from Physics then first you  must know about the complete details of the examination like syllabus, number of Questions ,types of questions etc. to go straight forward towards your goals. There is a fixed pattern of conducting the GATE exam for almost every subjects.

Mode of ExaminationOnline Computer Based Test (CBT)
Exam Duration 3 Hours (180 Minutes)
Sectional Time LimitNone
SubjectPhysics (PH)
Total Number of questions65
Language English 
Total Number of Questions65 Questions
Type of QuestionsMultiple Choice Questions (MCQ);
Multiple Select Questions (MSQ);
Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions
Total Marks100 Marks
Marking Scheme1 or 2 marks for the each correct answer For 1 mark MCQ, 1/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer;

For 2-mark MCQ, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer;

And for MSQs and NATs there is No any negative marking

GATE Marking Scheme 2023

Section Distribution of MarksTotal MarksTypes of questions
General Aptitude5 questions of 1 mark each 5 questions of 2 marks each15 marks MCQs
GATE Physics25 questions of 1 mark each 30 questions of 2 marks each 85 marksMCQs, MSQ and NATs

GATE 2023 Negative Marking

Type of QuestionCorrect AnswerIncorrect Answer
MCQ1 or 2 Marks⅓ for 1 mark questions
⅔ for 2 marks questions
NAT1 or 2 MarksNo Negative Marking

GATE Syllabus for Physics 2023

GATE Syllabus for Physics 2023 includes nine sections/ major topics apart from General Aptitude. These include:

Important Topics for GATE Physics Syllabus
Mathematical PhysicsClassical Mechanics
Electromagnetic TheoryQuantum Mechanics
Thermodynamics and Statistical PhysicsAtomic and Molecular Physics
Solid State PhysicsElectronics
Nuclear and Particle PhysicsGeneral Aptitude

Section 1: Mathematical Physics

  • Linear vector space: basis, orthogonality and completeness; matrices; vector calculus; linear differential equations; elements of complex analysis
  • Cauchy Riemann conditions, Cauchy’s theorems, singularities, residue theorem and applications
  • Laplace transforms, Fourier analysis; elementary ideas about tensors: covariant and contravariant tensor, Levi-Civita and Christoffel symbols.

Section 2: Classical Mechanics

  • Alembert’s principle, cyclic coordinates, variational principle
  • Lagrange’s equation of motion, central force and scattering problems, rigid body motion; small oscillations
  • Hamilton’s formalisms; Poisson bracket; special theory of relativity
  • Lorentz transformations, relativistic kinematics, mass‐energy equivalence.

Section 3: Electromagnetic Theory

  • Solutions of electrostatic and magnetostatic problems including boundary value problems; dielectrics and conductors
  • Maxwell’s equations; scalar and vector potentials; Coulomb and Lorentz gauges
  • Electromagnetic waves and their reflection, refraction, interference, diffraction and polarization
  • Poynting vector, Poynting theorem, energy and momentum of electromagnetic waves; radiation from a moving charge.

Section 4: Quantum Mechanics

  • Postulates of quantum mechanics; uncertainty principle
  • Schrodinger equation; one-, two- and three-dimensional potential problems; particle in a box, transmission through one-dimensional potential barriers, harmonic oscillator, hydrogen atom; linear vectors and operators in Hilbert space; angular momentum and spin; addition of angular momenta; time-independent perturbation theory; elementary scattering theory.

Section 5: Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics

  • Laws of thermodynamics; macrostates and microstates; phase space; ensemble
  • Partition function, free energy, calculation of thermodynamic quantities; classical and quantum statistics; degenerate
  • Fermi gas; black body radiation and Planck’s distribution law; Bose‐Einstein condensation; first and second-order phase transitions, phase equilibria, critical point.

Section 6: Atomic and Molecular Physics

  • Spectra of one‐ and many‐electron atoms
  • LS and jj coupling; hyperfine structure; Zeeman and Stark effects; electric dipole transitions and selection rules; rotational and vibrational spectra of diatomic molecules; electronic transition in diatomic molecules
  • Franck‐Condon principle; Raman effect; NMR, ESR, X-ray spectra; lasers: Einstein coefficients, population inversion, two and three-level systems.

Section 7: Solid State Physics

  • Elements of crystallography; diffraction methods for structure determination; bonding in solids; lattice vibrations and thermal properties of solids; free electron theory; band theory of solids: nearly free electron and tight-binding models; metals, semiconductors and insulators; conductivity, mobility and effective mass;
  • Optical properties of solids; Kramers-Kronig relation, intra- and inter-band transitions; dielectric properties of solid; dielectric function, polarizability, ferroelectricity; magnetic properties of solids; dia, para, ferro, antiferro and ferri-magnetism, domains and magnetic anisotropy; superconductivity: Type-I and Type II superconductors, Meissner effect, London equation, BCS Theory, flux quantization.

Section 8: Electronics

  • Semiconductors in equilibrium: electron and hole statistics in intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors; metal-semiconductor junctions;
  • Ohmic and rectifying contacts; PN diodes, bipolar junction transistors, field effect transistors; negative and positive feedback circuits; oscillators, operational amplifiers, active filters; basics of digital logic circuits, combinational and sequential circuits, flip-flops, timers, counters, registers, A/D and D/A conversion.

Section 9: Nuclear and Particle Physics

  • Nuclear radii and charge distributions, nuclear binding energy
  • Electric and magnetic moments; nuclear models, liquid drop model: semi‐empirical mass formula
  • Fermi gas model of nucleus, nuclear shell model; nuclear force and two nucleon problem; alpha decay, beta‐decay, electromagnetic transitions in nuclei
  • Rutherford scattering, nuclear reactions, conservation laws; fission and fusion; particle accelerators and detectors; elementary particles, photons, baryons, mesons and leptons; quark model.

Section 10 – General Aptitude 

Verbal AbilityNumerical Ability
English grammar; Sentence completion, Instructions; Verbal analogies, Word groups; Critical reasoning, Verbal deduction. Numerical computation; Numerical reasoning; Numerical estimation; Data interpretation. 
NOTE : – If you need anything else more like ebooks, video lectures, syllabus  etc regarding  your Preperation / Examination  then do 📌 mention in the Comment Section below. 

Download GATE All Subjects [2007-2022] previous year Question Paper pdf

GATE PaperCodeGATE PaperCode
Aerospace EngineeringAEInstrumentation EngineeringIN
Agricultural EngineeringAGMathematicsMA
Architecture and PlanningARMechanical EngineeringME
Biomedical EngineeringBMMining EngineeringMN
BiotechnologyBTMetallurgical EngineeringMT
Civil EngineeringCENaval Architecture and Marine Engineering (New Paper)NM
Chemical EngineeringCHPetroleum EngineeringPE
Computer Science and Information TechnologyCSPhysicsPH
ChemistryCYProduction and Industrial EngineeringPI
Electronics and Communication EngineeringECStatisticsST
Electrical EngineeringEETextile Engineering and Fibre ScienceTF
Environmental Science & EngineeringESEngineering SciencesXE
Ecology and EvolutionEYHumanities & Social SciencesXH
Geomatics Engineering (New Paper)GELife SciencesXL
Geology and GeophysicsGG

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