UGC NET Anthropology Syllabus PDF 2023 (Latest) download free [English/Hindi]

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UGC NET Anthropology Syllabus PDF 2023 (Latest) download

Anthropology is the study of humankind, past and present that draws and builds upon knowledge from the social sciences and biological sciences, as well as the humanities and the natural sciences. The term anthropology originates from the Greek anthrōpos, “human being” (understood to mean humankind or humanity), and -logia, “study.” Since the work of Franz Boas and Bronisław Malinowski in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, anthropology in Great Britain and the US has been distinguished from ethnology and from other social sciences by its emphasis on cross-cultural comparisons, long-term in-depth examination of context, and the importance it places on participant-observation or experiential immersion in the area of research.

Cultural anthropology in particular has emphasized cultural relativism, holism, and the use of findings to frame cultural critiques. This has been particularly prominent in the United States, from Boas’s arguments against 19th-century racial ideology, through Margaret Mead’s advocacy for gender equality and sexual liberation, to current criticisms of post-colonial oppression and promotion of multiculturalism. Ethnography is one of its primary methods as well as the text that is generated from anthropological fieldwork.

UGC NET Anthropology

UGC NET Syllabus 2023: Considering the fact that the syllabus plays a prominent role in boosting up the preparation, we have provided the detailed UGC NET syllabus and exam pattern for 2023Paper-I & Paper-II. The students should prepare accordingly with the updated UGC NET Syllabus 2023 for the subjects they have registered for. In this article, we have provided the complete detail about UGC NET Syllabus & Exam Pattern for your reference. 

UGC NET Syllabus 2023

National Testing Agency had revised the UGC NET Syllabus and in this article we have covered the revised syllabus only. UGC NET exam is conducted in two papers (Paper-I and Paper-II) consisting of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and all questions are compulsory. Candidates need to complete both papers in a single duration of three hours. To score good marks in the exam, read the detailed syllabus and start your preparation now.

UGC NET Exam Pattern 2023

UGC NET 2023 Examination will be conducted in online mode (Computer Based Test). Before looking into the detailed syllabus of the NTA UGC NET Syllabus 2023, the student must be familiar with the updated UGC NET Exam Pattern 2023, which has been discussed below.

PaperPattern of PaperNumber of QuestionsMarksTotal
Paper-IThe questions will be generic in nature, intending to assess the teaching/research aptitude of the candidate. 5010003 hours (180 minutes)
Paper-IIThis is based on the subject selected by the candidate and will assess domain knowledge.100200

Important Points:
1. For each correct answer the candidate will get 2 marks in both Paper 1 & 2.
2. There is no negative marking for incorrect answers in UGC NET 2023 exam.
3. No marks will be given for questions Unanswered/Marked for Review.
4. All questions are mandatory.
5. If a question is found to be incorrect/ambiguous during the key challenge, the candidate who have attempted the question and chosen one of the correct answers would be given the credit. If there is any dropped question(s), marks will be awarded to all the candidates.

UGC NET Syllabus 2023

The first step of preparing for UGC NET is to be familiar with the UGC NET syllabus as this helps the aspirants to strategise their preparations in a well-defined manner. UGC NET 2023 exam will consist of 2 papers (Paper 1 & Paper 2), the UGC NET Paper 1 will be a common paper for all candidates while Paper 2 will be based on the subject selected by the candidate. Let’s have a look at the detailed UGC NET Syllabus for UGC NET 2023 Exam

UGC NET Syllabus for Paper 1

The UGC NET syllabus for Paper 1 consists of the subjects that will be helpful in analysing the candidate’s teaching and research ability, cognitive abilities, general awareness about teaching and learning processes in the higher education system. The detailed syllabus and UGC NET Paper-1 Syllabus PDF file link have been provided below:

Unit-I: Teaching Aptitude Syllabus

Teaching: Concept, Objectives, Levels of teaching (Memory, Understanding and Reflective), Characteristics and basic requirements.

Learner’s characteristics: Characteristics of adolescent and adult learners (Academic, Social, Emotional and Cognitive), Individual differences.

Factors affecting teaching related to Teacher, Learner, Support material, Instructional facilities, Learning environment and Institution.

Methods of teaching in Institutions of higher learning: Teacher centred vs. Learner-centred methods; offline vs. Online methods (Swayam, Swayamprabha, MOOCs etc.).

Teaching Support System: Traditional, Modern and ICT based.

Evaluation Systems: Elements and Types of evaluation, Evaluation in Choice Based Credit System in Higher education, Computer-based testing, Innovations in evaluation systems.

Unit-II: Research Aptitude Syllabus

Research: Meaning, Types, and Characteristics, Positivism and Postpositivistic approach to research.

Methods of Research: Experimental, Descriptive, Historical, Qualitative and Quantitative Methods, Steps of Research.

Thesis and Article writing: Format and styles of referencing.

Application of ICT in research.

Research ethics.

Unit-III Comprehension Syllabus

A passage of text is given. Questions are asked from the passage to be answered.

Unit-IV: Communication

Communication: Meaning, types and characteristics of communication.

Effective communication: Verbal and Non-verbal, Inter-Cultural and group communications, Classroom communication.

Barriers to effective communication.

Mass-Media and Society.

Unit-V: Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude Syllabus

Types of reasoning.

Number series, Letter series, Codes and Relationships.

Mathematical Aptitude (Fraction, Time & Distance, Ratio, Proportion and Percentage, Profit and Loss, Interest and Discounting, Averages etc.).

Unit-VI: Logical Reasoning Syllabus

Understanding the structure of arguments: argument forms, the structure of categorical propositions, Mood and Figure, Formal and Informal fallacies, Uses of language, Connotations and denotations of terms, Classical square of opposition.

Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning.


Venn diagram: Simple and multiple uses for establishing the validity of arguments.

Indian Logic: Means of knowledge.

Pramanas: Pratyaksha (Perception), Anumana (Inference), Upamana (Comparison), Shabda (Verbal testimony), Arthapatti (Implication) and Anupalabddhi (Non-apprehension).

Structure and kinds of Anumana (inference), Vyapti (invariable relation), Hetvabhasas (fallacies of inference).

Unit-VII: Data Interpretation Syllabus

Sources, acquisition and classification of Data.

Quantitative and Qualitative Data.

Graphical representation (Bar-chart, Histograms, Pie-chart, Table-chart and Line-chart) and mapping of Data.

Data Interpretation.

Data and Governance.

Unit-VIII: Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Syllabus

ICT: General abbreviations and terminology.

Basics of the Internet, Intranet, E-mail, Audio and Video-conferencing.

Digital initiatives in higher education.

ICT and Governance.

Unit-IX: People, Development and Environment Syllabus

Development and environment: Millennium development and Sustainable development goals.

Human and environment interaction: Anthropogenic activities and their impacts on the environment.

Environmental issues: Local, Regional and Global; Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Noise pollution, Waste (solid, liquid, biomedical, hazardous, electronic), Climate change and its Socio-Economic and Political dimensions.

Impacts of pollutants on human health.

Natural and energy resources: Solar, Wind, Soil, Hydro, Geothermal, Biomass, Nuclear and Forests.

Natural hazards and disasters: Mitigation strategies.

Environmental Protection Act (1986), National Action Plan on Climate Change, International agreements/efforts -Montreal Protocol, Rio Summit, Convention on Biodiversity, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, International Solar Alliance.

Unit-X: Higher Education System Syllabus

Institutions of higher learning and education in ancient India.

Evolution of higher learning and research in Post Independence India.

Oriental, Conventional and Non-conventional learning programmes in India.

Professional, Technical and Skill-Based education.

Value education and environmental education.

Policies, Governance, and Administration.

NOTE: (i) Five questions each carrying 2 marks are to be set from each Module.
(ii) Whenever graphical/pictorial question(s) are set for sighted candidates, a passage followed by an equal number of questions and weightage be set for visually impaired candidates.

UGC NET Anthropology Paper – II Syllabus Chapter-wise 2023

1. Introduction: Aim, Scope, Historical Development, Relationship with other sciences, Different branches of anthropology and their interrelatedness. Recent and Emerging trends and major developments in all branches of Anthropology (Physical, Archaeological and Social – Cultural). Fieldwork, Ethnography, Comparative method, Observation, Interview, Case study, Genealogical method, Schedules and questionnaires, Statistical tools of Archaeological sites and Data collection.

2. Evolution: Theories of Evolution: Lamarckism, Neo-Lamarckism, Darwinism, Neo-Darwinism, Synthetic theory, Primates and Fossils: Fossil records, Earliest Primates (Aegyptopithecus, Propliopithecus, Dryopithecus, Proconsul), and living primates (Distribution, Classification, Characteristics, Phylogeny and Taxonomy).

Comparison of morphological and anatomical features of Man and Ape Erect Posture and Bipedalism.

3. Fossils: Characteristics and phyiogenetic position of early Hominoids Ramapithecus; Australopithecus Africanus; Australopithecus boisei (zinjanthropus); Australopithecus robustus; Meganthropus; Homo habilis; Characteristics and phyiogenetic position of Homo erectus; Homo erectus javanensis; Homo erectus pekinensis; Homo sapiens neanderthalenis Phyiogenetic position, salient features and distribution.

La Chapelle auxsaints; Rhodesian Man Classic / Conservative.

Progressive-Steinheim; Ehringsdorf; Mount Carmel Evidence, distribution and characteristics of Homo sapiens.

Cro-Magnon; Grimaldi; Predmost; Combe cappelle; Brunn; Chancelade; Offnet.

4. Human Genetics: History and Development; Scope and Branches; Call structure and Division; Mendel’s Laws; Patterns of Inheritance-Autosomal Dominant; Autosomal Recessive; Codominance; Sex linked; sex limited and sex controlled; Multiple alleles.

Linkage and Crossing-over

Lethal genes.

Methods of Studying Inheritance-Twins; Sib-pair; Pedigree.

Role of Heredity and Environment-Stature; Skin Colour; Intelligence.

Genetics of Blood Groups.

ABO System-Two-factor Hypothesis; Multiple Alleles; Rh System

Living Human Populations and Human Diversity

Concept of Race.

Criteria for Racial Classifications : Skin, Hair and Eye colour; Stature; Eyes, Lips and Ears; Face and Lower Jaw; Blood Groups; Dermatoglyphics.

Distribution and Characteristics – Caucasoid; Negroid; Mongoloid.

Racial Classifications – Deniker’s; Hooton’s; Coon, Garn and BirdselTs.

Racial Classification of Indian Populations – Risley’s; Guha’s; Sarkar’s.

5. Chronology

Relative, Absolute and Cultural Geological framework.

Tertiary, Quaternary-Pleistocene, Holocene.

Major Climatic changes during pleistocene.

Glacial and Interglacial periods.

Causes of Ice Ages.

Pluvial and Interpluvial Periods.

Moraines, River Terraces, Loess, Sea-level Changes-Caves, Marine teasaces, Beach, ridges.

Relative dating : Terrace, Stratigraphy, Palaenology, Palaecutology.

Absolute dating : Radio-carbon, Potassium-argon, Thermoluminescence, Dendrochronology.

Cultural Chronology-Three-age system : Stone Age, Copper / Bronze Age, Iron Age.

Palaeolithic Period : Lower palaeolithic, Middle palaeolithic, Upper palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Chalcolithie-Emergence of Metal Technology, Urban revolution.

6. Typo – Technology and Palaeolithic Cultural Features

Percussion technique: Primary and Secondary making.

Block – on-block / anvil technique; Stone hammer technique; Cylinder hammer technique; Clactonian technique; Levallois technique; Pressure technique; Retouch; Blade and Burin technique; Flake technique; Pecking; Grinding and Polishing; Splinter and groove techniques.

Artefact Typology: Simple flake; Side flake; End flake; Levallois flake; Clactonian flake; Blade; Microlithic blade; Tortoise core / Levalloisiam; Discoid core; Mousterian flake; Prismatic core.

Tool Typology –

Pebble tools; Chopper; Chopping tool

Bifaces-Handaxe; Cleaver

Scrapers-side, end, round, concave, convex

Blade knife; Blunted back blade; Borer / Awl; Burin

Points leaf shape-Laurel Leaf; Willow Leaf

Points-Shouldered Points-Denticulate; Notch

Microliths –

Geometric Types

Non-Geometric Types

Celt-Axe; Adze

Shouldered Celt.

Shoe-last Celt

Grinding Stone


Lower Palaeolithic Cultures-Type-technology, Habitat, Environment Economy, People and Distribution.

Lower Palaeolithic Cultures

Pebble Tool Culture

Oldowan; Sohan; Choukoutien

Acheulian Cultures

Acheulian Cultures of Africa; Acheulian Cultures of Europe;

Acheulian Cultures of India.

Middle Palaeolithic Cultures

Mousterian Culture / Middle Palaeolithic Europe-Habitat, Environment Economy, Social Organisation, Religion, Typo-technology.

Middle Stone Age in Africa

Middle Palaeolithic in India.

Upper  Palaeolithic Culture-Habitat, Environment  Economy, Typo-technology, Social Institution, religion Europe-Perigordian Culture.

Chattelperronean; Gravettian; Aurignacian Culture; Solutrean.

Culture; Magdalenian Culture.

Upper Palaeolithic in India Upper Palaeolithic Art.

7. Holocene Culture

Mesolithic Cultures

Climate changes, Typo technology, Habitat, Economic activity, Socio – religious features.

Europe-Azilian Culture; Tardenoisian Culture; Maglemosian Culture; Kitchen Midden Culture; Natufian Culture.

Indian Mesolithic

Langhnaj; Teri Sites; Birbhanpur; Bagor; Bhimbetka

Adamgarh, Sarainahar Rai, Lekhahlia, Mahadeva.

Mesolithic Art in India

Neolithic ( Early Farming Cultures )

Neolithic of the Near-east

Jericho; Jarmo; Catal Huyuk

Neolithic Cultures of Indian Subcontinent :

Northern Neolithic : Burzahom

Southern Neolithic : Brahmagiri; Sangankallu; Utnur; Telkalakota; Nagarjun Konda.

Eastern Neolithic : Daojali Hading; Sarutaru.

Central Zone (Neo-Chalcolithic) : Navdatoli; Nevasa; Inamgaon.

Indus Civilization : Extant; Characteristics; Chronology; Origin and decline, Continuity with post-Harappan, Indus people and society.

Iron Age :

Megalithic Types : Menhir; Dolmeh / Topikal; Cist; Cairn Circle; Carcophagi.

8. Evolution, Social Structure and Organisation

Evolution : Unilinear, Universal, Multilinear

Diffusion : Neo-evolution; Innovation; Acculturation; Transculturation

Culture : Definitions and Attributes

Functionalism : Malinowski, Radcliffe-Brown

Structuralism : Levi-Strauss, Leach.

Culture and Personality : Basic personality configuration-Kardiner and Linton Enculturation; Status and Role; Patterns of Culture; Culture Change; Themes Cultural Relativism; Values; Great and Little Tradition; Civilization; Gender Theories.

Indian Contribution-Theory and Concepts : G. S. Ghurye; N. K. Bose; D. N. Majumdar; M. N. Srinivas; S. C. Dube L. P. Vidyarthi

Aspects of Culture, Organisation of Culture, Institutions

Social Organisation.

Family :

Family of Orientation and Procreation

Structure : Nuclear, Extended, Joint.

Residence : Patrilocal, Matrilocal, Neolocal, Virilocal, Uxorilocal


Rules : Endogamy, Exogamy,

Monogamy, Polygamy : Polygyny, Polyandry.

Mate selection : Cross-cousin marriage, Levirate, Sororate, Sororal

Dowry, Bride price / Bride wealth

Kinship :

Kinship Terms : Classificatory and Descriptive systems

Consanguineal and Affinal

Primary, Secondary, Tertiary

Terms of Reference and Address

Descent, Inheritance and Succession :

Patriarchal and matriarchal

Unilineal : Patrilineal, Double

Groups : Tribe, Clan, Phratry, Lineage

Kinship behaviour and relationship; Avoidance and Joking relationship, Incest.

9. Economic and Political Organisation: Religion and Magic

Economic Organisation:

Concept of Property

Primitive Communism.

States of Economy: Collection, Hunting, Fishing, Pastoralism, Cultivation, Shifting and Settled.

Subsistence Economy and Market Economy.


Means of Production

Division of Labour

Political Organisation:

Panchayat – traditional and statutory.

Leadership-clan and tribe.

Kingship and Chiefdom in tribal communities.

Customary Law

Judicial System

Crime and Punishment in Primitive Society.

Religion and Magic:

Primitive Religion: Animism, Totemism, Ancestor Propitiation, Shaman, Priest, Medicine Man.

Tribal Mythology: Origin of universe, Tribe and Clan, Tribal deities.

Magic: Black, White, Preventive, Defensive, Destructive, Imitative, Sympathetic, Witchcraft, Sorcery.

Symbolism and Rituals.

Supernatural powers-Mana, Taboo.

10.  Indian Anthropology: Basic Concepts and Issues

Basic Concepts :

Indian Village as part society, as an isolate.

Caste as a group and system.

Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe.

Tribe, Caste, Varna and Caste / Jati.

Notified and Denotified Groups.

Other Backward classes and castes

Sanskritisation, Westernisation, Modernisation

Sacred complex in India

Regionalism and Ethnicity.

Basic Issues :

New Panchayati Raj

Gram Sabha

Women in new Panchayats.

Constitutional safeguards for Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Casts Major tribal groups

Tribal states in India.

Tribal Movements for Autonomy, Development Schemes

Tribal Rehabilitation; Democracy and Caste Bonded Labour and Child Labour; Ashram  Schools; Mandal Commission; Dhebar Commission; Emerging Spiritual Leaders (Gurus) in India; Caste among non-Hindus.

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