UGC NET Defence and Strategic Studies Syllabus PDF 2023 (Latest) download free [English/Hindi]

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UGC NET Defence and Strategic Studies Syllabus PDF 2023 (Latest) download

Defence and Strategic Studies: A strategic study is an interdisciplinary academic field centered on the study of conflict and peace, whether as an independent or a dependent variable. It has often devoted special attention to the relationship between international politics, geostrategy, international diplomacy, international economics, and military power (Strategy), such as the role of intelligence, diplomacy, and international cooperation for security and defense.

The subject is normally taught at the post-graduate academic or professional, usually Strategic-Political and Strategic-Military levels. The academic foundations of the subject began with classic texts initially from the Orient such as Sun Tzu’s Art of War, went onto a European focus with Von Clausewitz’s On War. In recent times, the major conflicts of the nineteenth century and the two World Wars have spurred strategic thinkers such as Mahan, Giulio Douhet, Liddell Hart and, later, Andre Beaufre.

UGC NET Defence and Strategic Studies

UGC NET Syllabus 2023: Considering the fact that the syllabus plays a prominent role in boosting up the preparation, we have provided the detailed UGC NET syllabus and exam pattern for 2023Paper-I & Paper-II. The students should prepare accordingly with the updated UGC NET Syllabus 2023 for the subjects they have registered for. In this article, we have provided the complete detail about UGC NET Syllabus & Exam Pattern for your reference. 

UGC NET Syllabus 2023

National Testing Agency had revised the UGC NET Syllabus and in this article we have covered the revised syllabus only. UGC NET exam is conducted in two papers (Paper-I and Paper-II) consisting of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and all questions are compulsory. Candidates need to complete both papers in a single duration of three hours. To score good marks in the exam, read the detailed syllabus and start your preparation now.

UGC NET Exam Pattern 2023

UGC NET 2023 Examination will be conducted in online mode (Computer Based Test). Before looking into the detailed syllabus of the NTA UGC NET Syllabus 2023, the student must be familiar with the updated UGC NET Exam Pattern 2023, which has been discussed below.

PaperPattern of PaperNumber of QuestionsMarksTotal
Paper-IThe questions will be generic in nature, intending to assess the teaching/research aptitude of the candidate. 5010003 hours (180 minutes)
Paper-IIThis is based on the subject selected by the candidate and will assess domain knowledge.100200

Important Points:
1. For each correct answer the candidate will get 2 marks in both Paper 1 & 2.
2. There is no negative marking for incorrect answers in UGC NET 2023 exam.
3. No marks will be given for questions Unanswered/Marked for Review.
4. All questions are mandatory.
5. If a question is found to be incorrect/ambiguous during the key challenge, the candidate who have attempted the question and chosen one of the correct answers would be given the credit. If there is any dropped question(s), marks will be awarded to all the candidates.

UGC NET Syllabus 2023

The first step of preparing for UGC NET is to be familiar with the UGC NET syllabus as this helps the aspirants to strategise their preparations in a well-defined manner. UGC NET 2023 exam will consist of 2 papers (Paper 1 & Paper 2), the UGC NET Paper 1 will be a common paper for all candidates while Paper 2 will be based on the subject selected by the candidate. Let’s have a look at the detailed UGC NET Syllabus for UGC NET 2023 Exam

UGC NET Syllabus for Paper 1

The UGC NET syllabus for Paper 1 consists of the subjects that will be helpful in analysing the candidate’s teaching and research ability, cognitive abilities, general awareness about teaching and learning processes in the higher education system. The detailed syllabus and UGC NET Paper-1 Syllabus PDF file link have been provided below:

Unit-I: Teaching Aptitude Syllabus

Teaching: Concept, Objectives, Levels of teaching (Memory, Understanding and Reflective), Characteristics and basic requirements.

Learner’s characteristics: Characteristics of adolescent and adult learners (Academic, Social, Emotional and Cognitive), Individual differences.

Factors affecting teaching related to Teacher, Learner, Support material, Instructional facilities, Learning environment and Institution.

Methods of teaching in Institutions of higher learning: Teacher centred vs. Learner-centred methods; offline vs. Online methods (Swayam, Swayamprabha, MOOCs etc.).

Teaching Support System: Traditional, Modern and ICT based.

Evaluation Systems: Elements and Types of evaluation, Evaluation in Choice Based Credit System in Higher education, Computer-based testing, Innovations in evaluation systems.

Unit-II: Research Aptitude Syllabus

Research: Meaning, Types, and Characteristics, Positivism and Postpositivistic approach to research.

Methods of Research: Experimental, Descriptive, Historical, Qualitative and Quantitative Methods, Steps of Research.

Thesis and Article writing: Format and styles of referencing.

Application of ICT in research.

Research ethics.

Unit-III Comprehension Syllabus

A passage of text is given. Questions are asked from the passage to be answered.

Unit-IV: Communication

Communication: Meaning, types and characteristics of communication.

Effective communication: Verbal and Non-verbal, Inter-Cultural and group communications, Classroom communication.

Barriers to effective communication.

Mass-Media and Society.

Unit-V: Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude Syllabus

Types of reasoning.

Number series, Letter series, Codes and Relationships.

Mathematical Aptitude (Fraction, Time & Distance, Ratio, Proportion and Percentage, Profit and Loss, Interest and Discounting, Averages etc.).

Unit-VI: Logical Reasoning Syllabus

Understanding the structure of arguments: argument forms, the structure of categorical propositions, Mood and Figure, Formal and Informal fallacies, Uses of language, Connotations and denotations of terms, Classical square of opposition.

Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning.


Venn diagram: Simple and multiple uses for establishing the validity of arguments.

Indian Logic: Means of knowledge.

Pramanas: Pratyaksha (Perception), Anumana (Inference), Upamana (Comparison), Shabda (Verbal testimony), Arthapatti (Implication) and Anupalabddhi (Non-apprehension).

Structure and kinds of Anumana (inference), Vyapti (invariable relation), Hetvabhasas (fallacies of inference).

Unit-VII: Data Interpretation Syllabus

Sources, acquisition and classification of Data.

Quantitative and Qualitative Data.

Graphical representation (Bar-chart, Histograms, Pie-chart, Table-chart and Line-chart) and mapping of Data.

Data Interpretation.

Data and Governance.

Unit-VIII: Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Syllabus

ICT: General abbreviations and terminology.

Basics of the Internet, Intranet, E-mail, Audio and Video-conferencing.

Digital initiatives in higher education.

ICT and Governance.

Unit-IX: People, Development and Environment Syllabus

Development and environment: Millennium development and Sustainable development goals.

Human and environment interaction: Anthropogenic activities and their impacts on the environment.

Environmental issues: Local, Regional and Global; Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Noise pollution, Waste (solid, liquid, biomedical, hazardous, electronic), Climate change and its Socio-Economic and Political dimensions.

Impacts of pollutants on human health.

Natural and energy resources: Solar, Wind, Soil, Hydro, Geothermal, Biomass, Nuclear and Forests.

Natural hazards and disasters: Mitigation strategies.

Environmental Protection Act (1986), National Action Plan on Climate Change, International agreements/efforts -Montreal Protocol, Rio Summit, Convention on Biodiversity, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, International Solar Alliance.

Unit-X: Higher Education System Syllabus

Institutions of higher learning and education in ancient India.

Evolution of higher learning and research in Post Independence India.

Oriental, Conventional and Non-conventional learning programmes in India.

Professional, Technical and Skill-Based education.

Value education and environmental education.

Policies, Governance, and Administration.

NOTE: (i) Five questions each carrying 2 marks are to be set from each Module.
(ii) Whenever graphical/pictorial question(s) are set for sighted candidates, a passage followed by an equal number of questions and weightage be set for visually impaired candidates.

UGC NET Defence and Strategic Studies Paper – II Syllabus Chapter-wise 2023

The following part of the UGC NET syllabus were previously under UGC NET Paper-2 and Paper-3 (Part-A and Part-B), however, as UGC has now only two papers i.e. UGC NET Paper-1 which is general and compulsory for all subjects and UGC NET Paper-2 on the specific subject (including all electives, without options) instead of previous three papers i.e. UGC NET Paper-1 which was general and compulsory for all subjects and UGC NET Paper-2 and Paper-3 on the specific subject, so, now-a-days, the following part is also considered as part of the UGC NET Paper-2 syllabus. 

Unit – A

Theories and Concepts

Defence and Strategic Studies: Assumptions and Approaches.

The Concepts of Nation:

State and Nation – State

Theories and Elements of State

National Power and its Components

Key Concepts of Security: National Security, Regional Security, Comprehensive Security, Common Security, Equal Security

National Security Objectives: Core Values, National Interests.

Challenges to Security: Individual, Sub – National; National, Regional and International Levels.

Non – Alignment, Balance of Power, Collective Security and Balance of Terror – Concept, Development and Relevance.

Concepts of Geopolitics and Geo – Strategy: Theories of Halford Mackinder and Carl Haushofer.

Defence and Security Policies: Concept, Formulation, Objectives and Linkages.

National Security Organizations in India:

Higher Defence Structure in India

National Security Council

Para – Military and Civil Defence

Civil – Military Relations

Deterrence and Detente : Concept, Theories of nuclear deterrence and their current relevance.

Contribution to Strategic thought by Kautilya, Mao, Jomini, Clausewitz, Douhet and Alfred Mahan.

Unit – B

Problems of Peace & Security


Theories and causes of War.

Principles of War.

Contemporary Warfare: Conventional Warfare in Nuclear age, Limited War, Revolutionary Warfare, Low Intensity Operations, Guerilla Warfare, Insurgency and Counter – Insurgency.

Armaments : Arms Race, Arms Aid, Arms Trade, Anns Proliferation.

Military Alliances and Pacts, Peace Treaties, Defence Cooperation, Strategic Partnership and Security Dialogue.

Problem of System of Governance and Human Rights.

Terrorism : Concept and kinds (National, International and Cross border).

Conflicting Ideologies : Militarism, Nationalism, Fundamentalism, Separatism, Irredentism.

Nuclear Proliferation & NPT, CTBT, MTCR, NMD.

Industrial Military Complex.

Unit – C

Global Security IssuesEnd of cold war and emergence of new world order.Military, Nuclear and missile capabilities of China, Pakistan and India.Re – Structuring of UNO.Environmental Issues: Global Warming, Desertification, Acid Rains, Industrial Pollution, Deforestation.Military Geography & Defence Problems : Nature of boundaries, TerrainSino – Indian and Indo – Pak border disputes and India’s Continental Strategy with her neighbours.Sri Lankan Ethnic Conflict.Domestic unrest in Afghanistan.West – Asian Crisis.Developments in Central Asian Republics.Ethnic issues in Yugoslavia.Crisis in Chechenia.Organized Crimes : Money Laundering, Narco – trafficking.Militarisation of Indian Ocean and India’s national, maritime and security interests in the Indian Ocean region. India’s Maritime Strategy for the 21st Century.Issues of Logistics : Resources, Supply chain, Transportation and Communication.Problems of Refugees :Causes of Migration.Population in border areas and border security.

Unit – D

Issues in Conflict ResolutionOrigin, Type and Structure of Conflict at inter – state level.Images, belief systems and International conflicts.Techniques of Conflict PreventionConflict Management: Pacific Solution of International Disputes, Coercive methods and war as an instrument.International Humanitarian Laws and Laws of Armed Conflicts.Confidence Building Measures : Concept, kinds and utility.IGOs & NGOs in Conflict Resolution : Peace Making, Peace Keeping and Peace Building.Techniques of Preservation of Peace : Collective Security System, Pacific Settlement, Enforcement Action. Regional Security Arrangements. Disarmament.

Unit – E

Economic, Science & Technology Issues and National SecurityBroad Survey of Technological Changes from Industrial Revolution to Inform Action Revolution.Economic Theories of Defence.Basics of Defence Planning, Determinants of Defence Expenditure and Defence Budgeting.

National Security and International Trade regimes (WTO, TRIPS, TRIMS, NAFTA, SAPTA).India’s Nuclear and Space Power Programs, India’s Energy Scenario.Research and Development:Relevance of Science and Technology in National Security.Impact of Information Technology; Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA).Choice of Weapon Systems.Impact of Economic Liberalization and Alobalization :Defence Production in India ( Role of DPSU’s and Ordnance factories ).

Defence and Development and Peace and Development Dichotomies.Issues of Mobilization of Resources during War and Peace.Transfer of Technology: Dual use and critical technologies and their impact on national security

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