UGC NET Environmental Sciences Syllabus PDF 2023 (Latest) download free [English/Hindi]

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UGC NET Environmental Sciences Syllabus PDF 2023 (Latest) download

UGC NET Environmental Sciences

UGC NET Syllabus 2023: Considering the fact that the syllabus plays a prominent role in boosting up the preparation, we have provided the detailed UGC NET syllabus and exam pattern for 2023Paper-I & Paper-II. The students should prepare accordingly with the updated UGC NET Syllabus 2023 for the subjects they have registered for. In this article, we have provided the complete detail about UGC NET Syllabus & Exam Pattern for your reference. 

UGC NET Syllabus 2023

National Testing Agency had revised the UGC NET Syllabus and in this article we have covered the revised syllabus only. UGC NET exam is conducted in two papers (Paper-I and Paper-II) consisting of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and all questions are compulsory. Candidates need to complete both papers in a single duration of three hours. To score good marks in the exam, read the detailed syllabus and start your preparation now.

UGC NET Exam Pattern 2023

UGC NET 2023 Examination will be conducted in online mode (Computer Based Test). Before looking into the detailed syllabus of the NTA UGC NET Syllabus 2023, the student must be familiar with the updated UGC NET Exam Pattern 2023, which has been discussed below.

PaperPattern of PaperNumber of QuestionsMarksTotal
Paper-IThe questions will be generic in nature, intending to assess the teaching/research aptitude of the candidate. 5010003 hours (180 minutes)
Paper-IIThis is based on the subject selected by the candidate and will assess domain knowledge.100200

Important Points:
1. For each correct answer the candidate will get 2 marks in both Paper 1 & 2.
2. There is no negative marking for incorrect answers in UGC NET 2023 exam.
3. No marks will be given for questions Unanswered/Marked for Review.
4. All questions are mandatory.
5. If a question is found to be incorrect/ambiguous during the key challenge, the candidate who have attempted the question and chosen one of the correct answers would be given the credit. If there is any dropped question(s), marks will be awarded to all the candidates.

UGC NET Syllabus 2023

The first step of preparing for UGC NET is to be familiar with the UGC NET syllabus as this helps the aspirants to strategise their preparations in a well-defined manner. UGC NET 2023 exam will consist of 2 papers (Paper 1 & Paper 2), the UGC NET Paper 1 will be a common paper for all candidates while Paper 2 will be based on the subject selected by the candidate. Let’s have a look at the detailed UGC NET Syllabus for UGC NET 2023 Exam

UGC NET Syllabus for Paper 1

The UGC NET syllabus for Paper 1 consists of the subjects that will be helpful in analysing the candidate’s teaching and research ability, cognitive abilities, general awareness about teaching and learning processes in the higher education system. The detailed syllabus and UGC NET Paper-1 Syllabus PDF file link have been provided below:

Unit-I: Teaching Aptitude Syllabus

Teaching: Concept, Objectives, Levels of teaching (Memory, Understanding and Reflective), Characteristics and basic requirements.

Learner’s characteristics: Characteristics of adolescent and adult learners (Academic, Social, Emotional and Cognitive), Individual differences.

Factors affecting teaching related to Teacher, Learner, Support material, Instructional facilities, Learning environment and Institution.

Methods of teaching in Institutions of higher learning: Teacher centred vs. Learner-centred methods; offline vs. Online methods (Swayam, Swayamprabha, MOOCs etc.).

Teaching Support System: Traditional, Modern and ICT based.

Evaluation Systems: Elements and Types of evaluation, Evaluation in Choice Based Credit System in Higher education, Computer-based testing, Innovations in evaluation systems.

Unit-II: Research Aptitude Syllabus

Research: Meaning, Types, and Characteristics, Positivism and Postpositivistic approach to research.

Methods of Research: Experimental, Descriptive, Historical, Qualitative and Quantitative Methods, Steps of Research.

Thesis and Article writing: Format and styles of referencing.

Application of ICT in research.

Research ethics.

Unit-III Comprehension Syllabus

A passage of text is given. Questions are asked from the passage to be answered.

Unit-IV: Communication

Communication: Meaning, types and characteristics of communication.

Effective communication: Verbal and Non-verbal, Inter-Cultural and group communications, Classroom communication.

Barriers to effective communication.

Mass-Media and Society.

Unit-V: Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude Syllabus

Types of reasoning.

Number series, Letter series, Codes and Relationships.

Mathematical Aptitude (Fraction, Time & Distance, Ratio, Proportion and Percentage, Profit and Loss, Interest and Discounting, Averages etc.).

Unit-VI: Logical Reasoning Syllabus

Understanding the structure of arguments: argument forms, the structure of categorical propositions, Mood and Figure, Formal and Informal fallacies, Uses of language, Connotations and denotations of terms, Classical square of opposition.

Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning.


Venn diagram: Simple and multiple uses for establishing the validity of arguments.

Indian Logic: Means of knowledge.

Pramanas: Pratyaksha (Perception), Anumana (Inference), Upamana (Comparison), Shabda (Verbal testimony), Arthapatti (Implication) and Anupalabddhi (Non-apprehension).

Structure and kinds of Anumana (inference), Vyapti (invariable relation), Hetvabhasas (fallacies of inference).

Unit-VII: Data Interpretation Syllabus

Sources, acquisition and classification of Data.

Quantitative and Qualitative Data.

Graphical representation (Bar-chart, Histograms, Pie-chart, Table-chart and Line-chart) and mapping of Data.

Data Interpretation.

Data and Governance.

Unit-VIII: Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Syllabus

ICT: General abbreviations and terminology.

Basics of the Internet, Intranet, E-mail, Audio and Video-conferencing.

Digital initiatives in higher education.

ICT and Governance.

Unit-IX: People, Development and Environment Syllabus

Development and environment: Millennium development and Sustainable development goals.

Human and environment interaction: Anthropogenic activities and their impacts on the environment.

Environmental issues: Local, Regional and Global; Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Noise pollution, Waste (solid, liquid, biomedical, hazardous, electronic), Climate change and its Socio-Economic and Political dimensions.

Impacts of pollutants on human health.

Natural and energy resources: Solar, Wind, Soil, Hydro, Geothermal, Biomass, Nuclear and Forests.

Natural hazards and disasters: Mitigation strategies.

Environmental Protection Act (1986), National Action Plan on Climate Change, International agreements/efforts -Montreal Protocol, Rio Summit, Convention on Biodiversity, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, International Solar Alliance.

Unit-X: Higher Education System Syllabus

Institutions of higher learning and education in ancient India.

Evolution of higher learning and research in Post Independence India.

Oriental, Conventional and Non-conventional learning programmes in India.

Professional, Technical and Skill-Based education.

Value education and environmental education.

Policies, Governance, and Administration.

NOTE: (i) Five questions each carrying 2 marks are to be set from each Module.
(ii) Whenever graphical/pictorial question(s) are set for sighted candidates, a passage followed by an equal number of questions and weightage be set for visually impaired candidates.

Download UGC NET Environmental Sciences Syllabus PDF 2023

Fundamentals of Environmental Sciences

This particular unit is all about the fundamentals of what Environmental Sciences is about. Most of the topics involved include the Definitions, the Principles, and the Importance of Environmental Sciences, the Interaction between Earth and Man, Natural Resources, and other topics that emphasise our basic knowledge of the environment.

The Fundamentals of Environmental SciencesDefinitions, Principles, and Scope
Spheres of the EarthStructures and Compositions of the 4 Spheres: Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Lithosphere and Biosphere
Laws of ThermodynamicsMass And Energy Transfer, Heat Transfer, Material Balance,
Meteorological ParametersPressure and Temperature, Precipitation and Humidity, Mixing Ratios, Radiation and Wind Velocity, Lapse Rates, Wind Roses
Interaction between Earth, Man, and EnvironmentBiogeographic Provinces, Agroclimatic Zones Of India, Sustainable Development
Natural Resources and their AssessmentPrinciples & Applications of Remote Sensing & GIS, Digital Image Processing, Ground Truthing, Cover/Land Use, Planning and Management, Urban Sprawling, Vegetation Study, Forestry, Natural Resources, Climate Change
Ethics and AwarenessEnvironmental Education and Awareness, Environmental Ethics

Environmental Chemistry

This unit deals with the chemical sciences of environmental studies, wherein students learn about the classification of elements, composition of air, the characteristics of hydrocarbons, biogeochemical cycles, pesticides, and their effects, and many more.

The Fundamentals of Environmental ChemistryClassification Of Elements, Stoichiometry, Gibbs’ Energy, Chemical Potential, Chemical Kinetics, Chemical Equilibria, Solubility Of Gases In Water, The Carbonate System, Unsaturated And Saturated Hydrocarbons, Radioisotopes
Composition of AirParticles, Ions And Radicals In The Atmosphere, Chemical Speciation, Chemical Processes In The Formation Of Inorganic And Organic Particulate Matters, Thermochemical And Photochemical Reactions In The Atmosphere, Oxygen And Ozone Chemistry, Photochemical Smog
Hydrological CycleWater As A Universal Solvent, Concept Of Do, Bod And Cod, Sedimentation, Coagulation, Flocculation, Filtration, Ph And Redox Potential
Inorganic and Organic Components of SoilBiogeochemical Cycles — Nitrogen, Carbon, Phosphorus, and Sulphur
Toxic ChemicalsPesticides and their Classification and Effects, Biochemical Aspects of Heavy metals (Hg, Cd, Pb, Cr) and Metalloids (As, Se), CO, O3, PAN, VOC and POP, Carcinogens in the Air
Principles of analytical methodsTitrimetry, Gravimetry, Bomb Calorimetry, Chromatography (Paper Chromatography, TLC, GC, and HPLC), Flame photometry, Spectrophotometry (UV-VIS, AAS, ICP-AES, ICP-MS), Electrophoresis, XRF, XRD, NMR, FTIR, GC-MS, SEM, TEM

Environmental Biology

This unit is similar to Environmental Chemistry; it deals with the biological sciences surrounded environmental studies. Students get to learn about the origin of life, ecosystems, biotic and abiotic structures, population and the concepts around its capacity, toxicology and microbiology, and many other in-depth topics under their respective chapters.

Ecology as an Interdisciplinary ScienceOrigin of Life and Speciation, Human Ecology and Settlement
Ecosystem Structure and FunctionsBiotic And Abiotic Components, Energy Flow In Ecosystems, Energy Flow Models, Food Chains And Webs, Biogeochemical Cycles, Ecological Succession, Species Diversity, Edge Effects, Ecological Habitats And Niche, Ecosystem Stability and Services, Factors Affecting Ecosystem
Basis of Ecosystem ClassificationTypes Of Ecosystem: Deserts, Forests, Rangelands, Wetlands, Lotics, Lentics, Estuarine (Mangroves), Oceanics
BiomesConcepts, Classifications, Distributions, Characteristics, Types (Tundra, Taiga, Grassland, Deciduous, Highland Icy Alpine, Chaparral, Savanna, Tropical Rainforests)
Population EcologyCharacteristics of Population, Carrying Capacity, Growth And Regulations, Fluctuations, Dispersion And Metapopulation, ‘R’ And ‘K’ Species, Keystone Species
Community EcologyDefinition, Community Concept, Types and Interaction (Predation, Herbivory, Parasitism, And Allelopathy), Biological Invasions
Biodiversity and its ConservationDefinition, Types, Biodiversity: Importance and Threats, ‘Hotspots’, Hotspots In India, Measures of Biodiversity, Strategies for Biodiversity Conservation, Gene Pool, Biopiracy and Bioprospecting, Restoration Ecology, Flora And Fauna of India
Concept of Industrial Ecology
Toxicology and MicrobiologyAbsorption, Distribution And Excretion Of Toxic Agents, Acute And Chronic Toxicity, Concept Of Bioassay, Threshold Limit Value, Margin Of Safety, Therapeutic Index, Biotransformation, Major Water-borne Diseases, and Air-borne Microbes

Environmental Geosciences

This unit is the final unit in the 3-part science aspects of environmental studies. Students explore topics that range from simple topics such as the origins of the earth, its distribution with water, the natural resources, and their availability to more complex topics such as the hazards of the environment, and the classification of elements on a geochemical level.

Origin of EarthPrimary Geochemical Differentiation, Formation of Earth and its Components, Minerals And Rocks, Formation Of Igneous and Metamorphic Rocks, Controls on Formation of Landforms, Steady State and Equilibrium, Energy Budget, Thermal Environment and Seasons, Coriolis Force, Pressure Gradient Force, Frictional Force, Geostrophic Wind Field, Gradient Wind, Climates of India, Western Disturbances, Indian Monsoon, Droughts, El Nino, La Nina, Residence Time, Natural Cycles, Geophysical Fields
WeatheringWeathering Reactions, Erosion, Transportation, and Deposition of Sediments, Soil Formation, Clay Minerals, Soil Physical, and Chemical Properties, Soil Types and Climate Control On Soil Formation, Cation Exchange Capacity, Mineralogical Controls
Geochemical Classification of ElementsThe abundance of Elements In Earth, Crust, Hydrosphere and Biosphere, Partitioning of Elements, Geochemical Recycling Of Elements, Paleoclimate
Distribution of Water on EarthHydrology, Hydrogeology, Major Basins and Groundwater Provinces Of India, Darcy’s Law, Groundwater Fluctuations, Hydraulic Conductivity, Groundwater Tracers, Land Subsidence, Effects Of Excessive Use Of Groundwater, Groundwater Quality, Pollution Of Groundwater Resources, Ghyben-Herzberg Relation
Natural Resource ExplanationExploitation and Related Environmental Concerns, Historical Perspective And Conservation Of Non-renewable Resources
Natural HazardsCatastrophic Geological Hazards, Prediction Of Hazards And Mitigation Of Their Impacts

Energy and Environment

Since the concept of environment and energies go hand in hand, it’s only necessary to have a fundamental understanding of how the latter works. In this unit, students are exposed to studies related to the types of energies produced by the likes of sources such as the sun, water, air, nuclear and biological components

Sun as a Source of EnergySolar Radiation and its Spectral Characteristics, Fossil Fuels, Shale Oil, Coal Bed Methane, Gas Hydrates, Gross-calorific Value, and Net-Calorific Value
Principles of Generation of Hydro-PowerTidal Energy, Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion, Wind Power, Geothermal Energy, Solar Energy (Solar Collectors, Photo-Voltaic Modules, Solar Ponds)
Nuclear EnergyFission and Fusion, Nuclear Fuels, Principles and Types of Nuclear Reactors
BioenergyMethods to Produce Energy from Biomass
Environmental Implications of Energy UseEnergy Use Pattern, Emissions of CO2 in Developed And Developing Countries, Radioactive Forcing and Global Warming, Large-Scale Exploitation Of Energy Sources

Environmental Pollution and Control

Most of this unit covers everything there is to know about environmental pollution, and what we can do as human beings to avert the crises causes by them. This includes air, water, soil, noise, thermal and radioactive pollution, their sources, types, impact on the environment, and the different ways in which we could either control, mitigate, or eliminate them through hypothetical, theoretical, or practical knowledge.

Air PollutionSources And Types Of Pollutants, Period, Frequency and Duration Of Sampling, Measurements of Ambient Air Pollutants Concentration And Stack Emissions, Indian National Ambient Air Quality Standards, Air Pollutants On Human Health, Plants and Materials, Acid Rain, Dispersion of Air Pollutants, Mixing Height/Depth, Lapse Rates, Gaussian Plume Model, Line Source Model, And Area Source Model
Noise PollutionSources, Weighting Networks, Measurement Of Noise Indices, Noise Dose And Noise Pollution Standards, Noise Control And Abatement Measures: Active And Passive Methods, Vibrations And Their Measurements, Impact Of Noise And Vibrations On Human Health
Water PollutionTypes, Sources, Impact on Life, Water Quality Parameters, Indian Standards For Drinking Water (ISO:10500, 2012), Drinking Water Treatment: Coagulation And Flocculation, Sedimentation And Filtration, Disinfection And Softening, Wastewater Treatment: Primary, Secondary And Advanced Treatment Methods, Common Effluent Treatment Plant
Soil PollutionProperties Of Soil, Analysis Of Soil Quality, Soil Pollution Control, Industrial Effluents And Their Interactions With Soil Components, Soil Microorganisms, Degradation Of Pesticides And Synthetic Fertilizers
Thermal, Marine, and Radioactive PollutionSources and Impact, Heat Islands, Abatement and Prevention, Coastal Management, Ionizing Radiations, Radiation Exposure, And Radiation Standards, Radiation Protection

Solid and Hazardous Waste Management

This unit largely covers the waste management aspects of environmental conservation. Much of the emphasis is given to 

Solid WasteTypes and Sources, Solid Waste Management, Generation Rates, Solid Waste Components, Proximate And Ultimate Analysis Of Solid Wastes
Solid Waste Collection and TransportationContainer Systems – Hauled And Stationary, Layout Of Collection Routes, Transfer Stations And Transportation
Solid Waste Processing and RecoveryRecycling, Recovery Of Materials For Recycling And Direct Manufacturer Of Solid Waste Products, Electrical Energy Generation From Solid Waste (Fuel Pellets, Refuse Derived Fuels), Composting And Vermicomposting, Biomethanation Of Solid Waste, Disposal Of Solid Wastes – Sanitary Land Filling And Its Management, Incineration Of Solid Waste
Hazardous WastesTypes, Characteristics And Health Impacts, Hazardous Waste Management: Treatment Methods – Neutralization, Oxidation-Reduction, Precipitation, Solidification, Stabilization, Incineration, And Final Disposal
E-WasteClassification, Methods Of Handling, And Disposal
Fly AshSources, Composition, And Utilisation
Plastic WasteSources, Consequences, And Management

Environmental Assessment, Management, and Legislation

This unit covers everything that the student would need to know about the management of environmental health, how they could assess it, what legislations and policies have been passed or are currently being discussed to ensure its protection, what the aims and objectives of the people are as far as the environment is concerned, what human beings could do to further protect the environment, what the cost-benefit analysis is like, and so on.

Aims and Objectives of Environmental Impact AssessmentEnvironmental Impact Statement And Environmental Management Plan, Eia Guidelines, Impact Assessment Methodologies, Procedure For Reviewing Eia Of Developmental Projects, Life-cycle Analysis, Cost-Benefit Analysis, Guidelines For Environmental Audit, Environmental Planning As A Part Of EIA And Environmental Audit, Environmental Management System Standards (ISO14000 Series), Eia Notification, 2006 And Amendments From Time To Time, Eco-labeling Schemes
Risk AssessmentHazard Identification, Hazard Accounting, Scenarios Of Exposure, Risk Characterization And Risk Management
Overview of Environmental Laws in IndiaConstitutional Provisions In India (Article 48a And 51a), Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 Amendments 1991, Forest Conservation Act, 1980, Indian Forest Act, Revised 1982, Biological Diversity Act, 2002, Water (Prevention And Control Of Pollution) Act, 1974 Amended 1988 And Rules 1975, Air (Prevention And Control Of Pollution) Act, 1981 Amended 1987 And Rules 1982, Environmental (Protection) Act, 1986 And Rules 1986, Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, The Hazardous And Other Waste (Management And Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016, The Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016, The Bio-medical Waste Management Rules, 2016, The Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016, The E-waste (Management) Rules 2016, The Construction And Demolition Waste Management Rules, 2016, The Manufacture, Storage And Import Of Hazardous Chemical (Amendment) Rules, 2000, The Batteries (Management And Handling) Rules, 2010 With Amendments, The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991 And Rules 1991, Noise Pollution (Regulation And Control) Rules, 2000, Coastal Regulation Zones (CRZ) 1991 Amended From Time To Time
Policies of the EnvironmentNational Forest Policy 1988, National Water Policy 2002, National Environmental Policy 2006
Environmental Conventions and AgreementsStockholm Conference On Human Environment 1972, Montreal Protocol, 1987, Conference Of Parties (Cops), Basel Convention (1989, 1992), Ramsar Convention On Wetlands (1971), Earth Summit At Rio De Janeiro, 1992, Agenda-21, Global Environmental Facility (Gef), Convention On Biodiversity (1992), UNFCCC, Kyoto Protocol, 1997, Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), Earth Summit At Johannesburg, 2002, Rio+20, Un Summit On Millennium Development Goals, 2000, Copenhagen Summit, 2009, IPCC, UNEP, IGBP

Statistical Approaches and Modelling in Environmental Sciences

This is the most technical unit so far for Environmental Sciences. In real life, to carry out plans, sufficient data is required to permit the practicality of the sciences involved. This unit covers everything there is to know about collecting data related to the environment, what sort of attributes and variables you must pay attention to, what the different types of statistical models and methods are, and so on.

Attributes and VariablesTypes Of Variables, Scales Of Measurement, Measurement Of Central Tendency And Dispersion, Standard Error, Measure Of Skewness And Kurtosis, Probability and Sampling Theories, Distributions – Normal, Log-normal, Binomial, Poisson, T, X2 and F-Distribution, Correlation, Regression, Tests Of Hypothesis
Attributes and VariablesLinear, Simple And Multiple Regression Models, Validation And Forecasting, Models Of Population Growth and Interactions: Lotka-Volterra Model, Leslie’s Matrix Model

Contemporary Environmental Issues

This subject matter focuses on the current environmental issues occurring in India. It mostly covers chapters such as Water Conservation exploring the development of watersheds and rainwater harvesting, National Action Plan on Climate Change, Soil Erosion, Waste Management, Conservation Projects, and many others. It’s quite possibly the most essential subject matter so far due to the urgency is seen in its contemporary setting.

Global Environmental IssuesBiodiversity Loss, Climate Change, Ozone Layer Depletion, Sea Level Rise, International Efforts For Environmental Protection
National Action Plan on Climate ChangeEight National Missions – National Solar Mission, National Mission For Enhanced Energy Efficiency, National Mission On Sustainable Habitat, National Water Mission, National Mission For Sustaining The Himalayan Ecosystem, National Mission For A ‘green India’, National Mission For Sustainable Agriculture, National Mission On Strategic Knowledge For Climate Change
Current Environmental Issues in IndiaEnvironmental Issues Related To Water Resource Projects – Narmada Dam, Tehri Dam, Almatti Dam, Kaveri And Mahanadi, Hydro-power Projects In Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal And North-eastern States
Water ConservationDevelopment Of Watersheds, Rain Water Harvesting, and Ground Water Recharge
National River Conservation PlanNamami Gange And Yamuna Action Plan
Eutrophication and Restoration of LakesConservation Of Wetlands, Ramsar Sites In India
Soil ErosionReclamation Of Degraded Land, Desertification And Its Control
Climate ChangeAdaptability, Energy Security, Food Security, And Sustainability
Forest ConservationChipko Movement, Appiko Movement, Silent Valley Movement And Gandhamardan Movement, People Biodiversity Register
Wildlife Conservation ProjectsProject Tiger, Project Elephant, Crocodile Conservation, Goi-UNDP Sea Turtle Project, Indo-rhino Vision
Carbon Sequestration and Carbon Credits
Waste ManagementSwacch Bharat Abhiyan
Sustainable HabitatGreen Building, Griha Rating Norms
Vehicular Emission Norms in India
Epidemiological IssuesFluorosis, Arsenicosis, Goitre, Dengue
Environmental DisastersMinamata Disaster, Love Canal Disaster, Bhopal Gas Disaster, 1984, Chernobyl Disaster, 1986, Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster, 2011

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