UGC NET Geography Syllabus PDF 2023 (Latest) download free [English/Hindi]

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UGC NET Geography Syllabus PDF 2023 (Latest) download

UGC NET Geography

UGC NET Syllabus 2023: Considering the fact that the syllabus plays a prominent role in boosting up the preparation, we have provided the detailed UGC NET syllabus and exam pattern for 2023Paper-I & Paper-II. The students should prepare accordingly with the updated UGC NET Syllabus 2023 for the subjects they have registered for. In this article, we have provided the complete detail about UGC NET Syllabus & Exam Pattern for your reference. 

UGC NET Syllabus 2023

National Testing Agency had revised the UGC NET Syllabus and in this article we have covered the revised syllabus only. UGC NET exam is conducted in two papers (Paper-I and Paper-II) consisting of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and all questions are compulsory. Candidates need to complete both papers in a single duration of three hours. To score good marks in the exam, read the detailed syllabus and start your preparation now.

UGC NET Exam Pattern 2023

UGC NET 2023 Examination will be conducted in online mode (Computer Based Test). Before looking into the detailed syllabus of the NTA UGC NET Syllabus 2023, the student must be familiar with the updated UGC NET Exam Pattern 2023, which has been discussed below.

PaperPattern of PaperNumber of QuestionsMarksTotal
Duration
Paper-IThe questions will be generic in nature, intending to assess the teaching/research aptitude of the candidate. 5010003 hours (180 minutes)
Paper-IIThis is based on the subject selected by the candidate and will assess domain knowledge.100200
Total150300

Important Points:
1. For each correct answer the candidate will get 2 marks in both Paper 1 & 2.
2. There is no negative marking for incorrect answers in UGC NET 2023 exam.
3. No marks will be given for questions Unanswered/Marked for Review.
4. All questions are mandatory.
5. If a question is found to be incorrect/ambiguous during the key challenge, the candidate who have attempted the question and chosen one of the correct answers would be given the credit. If there is any dropped question(s), marks will be awarded to all the candidates.

UGC NET Syllabus 2023

The first step of preparing for UGC NET is to be familiar with the UGC NET syllabus as this helps the aspirants to strategise their preparations in a well-defined manner. UGC NET 2023 exam will consist of 2 papers (Paper 1 & Paper 2), the UGC NET Paper 1 will be a common paper for all candidates while Paper 2 will be based on the subject selected by the candidate. Let’s have a look at the detailed UGC NET Syllabus for UGC NET 2023 Exam

UGC NET Syllabus for Paper 1

The UGC NET syllabus for Paper 1 consists of the subjects that will be helpful in analysing the candidate’s teaching and research ability, cognitive abilities, general awareness about teaching and learning processes in the higher education system. The detailed syllabus and UGC NET Paper-1 Syllabus PDF file link have been provided below:

Unit-I: Teaching Aptitude Syllabus

Teaching: Concept, Objectives, Levels of teaching (Memory, Understanding and Reflective), Characteristics and basic requirements.

Learner’s characteristics: Characteristics of adolescent and adult learners (Academic, Social, Emotional and Cognitive), Individual differences.

Factors affecting teaching related to Teacher, Learner, Support material, Instructional facilities, Learning environment and Institution.

Methods of teaching in Institutions of higher learning: Teacher centred vs. Learner-centred methods; offline vs. Online methods (Swayam, Swayamprabha, MOOCs etc.).

Teaching Support System: Traditional, Modern and ICT based.

Evaluation Systems: Elements and Types of evaluation, Evaluation in Choice Based Credit System in Higher education, Computer-based testing, Innovations in evaluation systems.

Unit-II: Research Aptitude Syllabus

Research: Meaning, Types, and Characteristics, Positivism and Postpositivistic approach to research.

Methods of Research: Experimental, Descriptive, Historical, Qualitative and Quantitative Methods, Steps of Research.

Thesis and Article writing: Format and styles of referencing.

Application of ICT in research.

Research ethics.

Unit-III Comprehension Syllabus

A passage of text is given. Questions are asked from the passage to be answered.

Unit-IV: Communication

Communication: Meaning, types and characteristics of communication.

Effective communication: Verbal and Non-verbal, Inter-Cultural and group communications, Classroom communication.

Barriers to effective communication.

Mass-Media and Society.

Unit-V: Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude Syllabus

Types of reasoning.

Number series, Letter series, Codes and Relationships.

Mathematical Aptitude (Fraction, Time & Distance, Ratio, Proportion and Percentage, Profit and Loss, Interest and Discounting, Averages etc.).

Unit-VI: Logical Reasoning Syllabus

Understanding the structure of arguments: argument forms, the structure of categorical propositions, Mood and Figure, Formal and Informal fallacies, Uses of language, Connotations and denotations of terms, Classical square of opposition.

Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning.

Analogies.

Venn diagram: Simple and multiple uses for establishing the validity of arguments.

Indian Logic: Means of knowledge.

Pramanas: Pratyaksha (Perception), Anumana (Inference), Upamana (Comparison), Shabda (Verbal testimony), Arthapatti (Implication) and Anupalabddhi (Non-apprehension).

Structure and kinds of Anumana (inference), Vyapti (invariable relation), Hetvabhasas (fallacies of inference).

Unit-VII: Data Interpretation Syllabus

Sources, acquisition and classification of Data.

Quantitative and Qualitative Data.

Graphical representation (Bar-chart, Histograms, Pie-chart, Table-chart and Line-chart) and mapping of Data.

Data Interpretation.

Data and Governance.

Unit-VIII: Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Syllabus

ICT: General abbreviations and terminology.

Basics of the Internet, Intranet, E-mail, Audio and Video-conferencing.

Digital initiatives in higher education.

ICT and Governance.

Unit-IX: People, Development and Environment Syllabus

Development and environment: Millennium development and Sustainable development goals.

Human and environment interaction: Anthropogenic activities and their impacts on the environment.

Environmental issues: Local, Regional and Global; Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Noise pollution, Waste (solid, liquid, biomedical, hazardous, electronic), Climate change and its Socio-Economic and Political dimensions.

Impacts of pollutants on human health.

Natural and energy resources: Solar, Wind, Soil, Hydro, Geothermal, Biomass, Nuclear and Forests.

Natural hazards and disasters: Mitigation strategies.

Environmental Protection Act (1986), National Action Plan on Climate Change, International agreements/efforts -Montreal Protocol, Rio Summit, Convention on Biodiversity, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, International Solar Alliance.

Unit-X: Higher Education System Syllabus

Institutions of higher learning and education in ancient India.

Evolution of higher learning and research in Post Independence India.

Oriental, Conventional and Non-conventional learning programmes in India.

Professional, Technical and Skill-Based education.

Value education and environmental education.

Policies, Governance, and Administration.

NOTE: (i) Five questions each carrying 2 marks are to be set from each Module.
(ii) Whenever graphical/pictorial question(s) are set for sighted candidates, a passage followed by an equal number of questions and weightage be set for visually impaired candidates.

UGC NET Geography Syllabus Chapter-wise 2022

The UGC NET 2022 exam will be conducted in an online mode (Computer Based Test). Let us first understand the exam pattern for the UGC NET Geography syllabus as explained in the following.

UNIT-I Geomorphology

The scientific study of the physical features of the earth’s surface, occurrence, causes, and its relation to geomorphological structures.

  • Continental Drift, Plate Tectonics, Endogenetic, and Exogenetic forces. Denudation and Weathering, Geomorphic Cycle (Davis and Penck), Theories and Process of Slope Development, Earth Movements (seismicity, folding, faulting, and vulcanicity), Landform Occurrence and Causes of Geomorphic Hazards (earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, and avalanches)

UNIT–II Climatology

The process of the scientific study of climate including structure and composition, classification, types, evidence, and causes.

  • Composition and Structure of Atmosphere; Insolation, Heat Budget of Earth, Temperature, Pressure and Winds, Atmospheric Circulation (air-masses, fronts and upper air circulation, cyclones, and anticyclones (tropical and temperate), Climatic Classification of Koppen & Thornthwaite, ENSO Events (El Nino, La Nina, and Southern Oscillations), Meteorological Hazards and Disasters (Cyclones, Thunderstorms, Tornadoes, Hailstorms, Heat and Cold waves Drought and Cloudburst, Glacial Lake Outburst (GLOF), Climate Change: Evidence and Causes of Climatic Change in the past, Human impact on Global Climate.

UNIT-III Oceanography

Takes account of the circulation of changes in the oceans, temperature changes, density, salinity, causes of hazards under the study of oceanography.

  • Relief of Oceans, Composition: Temperature, Density, and Salinity,
  • Circulation: Warm and Cold Currents, Waves, Tides, Sea-Level Changes,
  • Hazards: Tsunami and Cyclone

UNIT –IV Geography of Environment

Expands on the components, functions, food web and ecological pyramid, national programmes, policies on the basis of an environment with geography.

  • Components: Ecosystem (Geographic Classification) and Human Ecology,
  • Functions: Trophic Levels, Energy Flows, Cycles (geo-chemical, carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen), Food Chain, Food Web, and Ecological Pyramid, Human Interaction and Impacts, Environmental Ethics and Deep Ecology, Environmental Hazards and Disasters (Global Warming, Urban Heat Island, Atmospheric Pollution, Water Pollution, Land Degradation),
  • National Programmes and Policies: Legal Framework, Environmental Policy, International Treaties, International Programmes and Policies (Brundtland Commission, Kyoto Protocol, Agenda 21, Sustainable Development Goals, Paris Agreement)

UNIT –V Population and Settlement Geography

Aims on understanding the sources of population data, distribution of world population, settlements in urban and rural, theories and origin of towns, the process of urbanization in developed and underdeveloped countries, the concept of megacities, a manifestation of poverty in the city.

  • Population Geography: Sources of population data (census, sample surveys, and vital statistics, data reliability, and errors). World Population Distribution (measures, patterns, and determinants), World Population Growth (prehistoric to modern period). Demographic Transition, Theories of Population Growth (Malthus, Sadler, and Ricardo). Fertility and Mortality Analysis (indices, determinants, and world patterns). Migration (types, causes and consequences, and models), Population Composition and Characteristics (age, sex, rural-urban, occupational structure and educational levels), Population Policies in Developed and Developing Countries.
  • Settlement Geography: Rural Settlements (types, patterns, and distribution), Contemporary Problems of Rural Settlements ( rural-urban migration; land-use changes; land acquisition and transactions), Theories of Origin of Towns (Gordon Childe, Henri Pirenne, Lewis Mumford), Characteristics and Processes of Urbanization in Developed and Developing Countries (factors of urban growth, trends of urbanisation, size, structure, and functions of urban areas). Urban Systems ( the law of the primate city and rank-size rule) Central Place Theories (Christaller and Losch), Internal Structure of the City, Models of Urban Land Use (Burgess, Harris and Ullman, and Hoyt), Concepts of Megacities, Global Cities and Edge Cities, Changing Urban Forms (peri-urban areas, rural-urban fringe, suburban, ring and satellite towns), Social Segregation in the City, Urban Social Area Analysis, Manifestation of Poverty in the City (slums, informal sector growth, crime, and social exclusion).

Unit –VI: Geography of Economic Activities and Regional Development

The chapters deal with the factors, theories, models, typology, classification of the geography of Economic, agricultural, industrial, regional development, the geography of transport, and trade in India.

  • Economic Geography: Factors affecting the spatial organisation of economic activities (primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary), Natural Resources (classification, distribution, and associated problems), Natural Resources Management. World Energy Crises in Developed and Developing Countries.
  • Agricultural Geography: Land capability classification and Land Use Planning, Cropping Pattern: Methods of delineating crop combination regions (Weaver, Doi, and Rafiullah), Crop diversification, Von Thunen’s Model of Land Use Planning. Measurement and Determinants of Agricultural Productivity, Regional variations in Agricultural Productivity, Agricultural Systems of the World.
  • Industrial Geography: Classification of Industries, Factors of Industrial Location; Theories of Industrial Location (A. Weber, E. M. Hoover, August Losch, A. Pred, and D. M. Smith). World Industrial Regions, Impact of Globalisation on the manufacturing sector in Less Developed Countries, Tourism Industry, World distribution and growth of Information And Communication Technology (ICT) and Knowledge Production (Education and R & D) Industries.
  • Geography of Transport and Trade: Theories and Models of spatial interaction (Edward Ullman and M. E. Hurst) Measures and Indices of connectivity and accessibility; Spatial Flow Models: Gravity Model and its variants, World Trade Organisation, Globalisation and Liberalisation, and World Trade Patterns. Problems and Prospects of Inter and Intra Regional Cooperation and Trade.
  • Regional Development: Typology of Regions, Formal and Fictional Regions, World Regional Disparities, Theories of Regional Development(Albert O. Hirschman, Gunnar Myrdal, John Friedman, Dependency theory of Underdevelopment, Global Economic Blocks, Regional Development and Social Movements in India

Unit – VII: Cultural, Social and Political Geography

Emphasizes cultural, social, and political means of geographical studies. From the concepts of culture and its complexes, heritage, convergence to boundaries and frontiers, trends and developments, and others across the Indian region.

  • Cultural and Social Geography: Concept of Culture, Cultural Complexes, Areas and Region, Cultural Heritage, Cultural Ecology. Cultural Convergence, Social Structure and Processes, Social Well-being and Quality of Life, Social Exclusion, Spatial distribution of social groups in India (Tribe, Caste, Religion, and Language), Environment and Human Health, Diseases Ecology, Nutritional Status (etiological conditions, classification and spatial and seasonal distributional patterns with special reference to India) Health Care Planning and Policies in India, Medical Tourism in India.
  • Political Geography: Boundaries and Frontiers (with special reference to India), Heartland and Rimland Theories. Trends and Developments in Political Geography, Geography of Federalism, Electoral Reforms in India, Determinants of Electoral Behaviour, Geopolitics of Climate Change, Geopolitics of World Resources, Geopolitics of Indian Ocean, Regional Organisations of Cooperation (SAARC, ASEAN, OPEC, EU). Neopolitics of World Natural Resources.

Unit VIII: Geographic Thought

Emphases on covering the contribution of Geographers, contributions of Greek, Arab, Chinese, Roman, and Indian Scholars. Ideas and theories involved with geographical traditions, studies, and perspectives on geography dualisms.

  • Contributions of Greek, Roman, Arab, Chinese and Indian Scholars, Contributions of Geographers (Bernhardus Varenius, Immanuel Kant, Alexander von Humboldt, Carl Ritter, Scheafer & Hartshorne), Impact of Darwinian Theory on Geographical Thought.
  • Contemporary trends in Indian Geography: Cartography, Thematic and Methodological contributions. Major Geographic Traditions (Earth Science, man environment relationship, area studies, and spatial analysis), Dualisms in Geographic Studies (physical vs. human, regional vs. systematic, qualitative vs. quantitative, ideographic vs. nomothetic), Paradigm Shift, Perspectives in Geography (Positivism, Behaviouralism, Humanism, Structuralism, Feminism, and Postmodernism).

Unit IX: Geographical Techniques

The techniques on geographical regions like sources of information, data, ma representation, digital image processing, measurement, morphometric analysis, and so on with the highlighted topics in the following.

  • Sources of Geographic Information and Data (spatial and non-spatial), Types of Maps, Techniques of Map Making (Choropleth, Isarithmic, Dasymetric, Chorochromatic, Flow Maps) Data Representation on Maps (Pie diagrams, Bar diagrams, and Line Graph, GIS Database (raster and vector data formats and attribute data formats). Functions of GIS (conversion, editing, and analysis), Digital Elevation Model (DEM), Georeferencing (coordinate system and map projections and Datum), GIS Applications ( thematic cartography, spatial decision support system), Basics of Remote Sensing (Electromagnetic Spectrum, Sensors and Platforms, Resolution and Types, Elements of Air Photo and Satellite Image Interpretation and Photogrammetry), Types of Aerial Photographs.
  • Digital Image Processing: Developments in Remote Sensing Technology and Big Data Sharing and its applications in Natural Resources Management in India, GPS Components (space, ground control, and receiver segments) and Applications, Applications of Measures of Central Tendency, Dispersion and Inequalities, Sampling, Sampling Procedure and Hypothesis Testing (chi-square test, t-test, ANOVA), Time Series Analysis, Correlation, and Regression Analysis, Measurement of Indices, Making Indicators Scale Free, Computation of Composite Index, Principal Component Analysis and Cluster Analysis.
  • Morphometric Analysis: Ordering of Streams, Bifurcation Ratio, Drainage Density, and Drainage Frequency, Basin Circularity Ratio and Form Factor, Profiles, Slope Analysis, Clinographic Curve, Hypsographic Curve, and Altimetric Frequency Graph.

Unit – X: Geography of India

The last section of the unit mainly focuses on studies on physiographic regions related to their characteristics, types, and distribution of natural resources, accountability, and control.

  • Major Physiographic Regions and their Characteristics; Drainage System (Himalayan and Peninsular)
  • Climate: Seasonal Weather Characteristics, Climatic Divisions, Indian Monsoon (mechanism and characteristics), Jet Streams and Himalayan Cryosphere
  • Types and Distribution of Natural Resources: Soil, Vegetation, Water, Mineral and Marine Resources. Population Characteristics (spatial patterns of distribution), Growth and Composition (rural-urban, age, sex, occupational, educational, ethnic and religious), Determinants of Population, Population Policies in India, Agriculture ( Production, Productivity, and Yield of Major Food Crops), Major Crop Regions, Regional Variations in Agricultural Development, Environmental, Technological and Institutional Factors affecting Indian Agriculture; Agro-Climatic Zones, Green Revolution, Food Security and Right to Food. Industrial Development since Independence, Industrial Regions and their characteristics, Industrial Policies in India. Development and Patterns of Transport Networks (railways, roadways, waterways, airways, and pipelines), Internal and External Trade (trend, composition and directions), Regional Development Planning in India, Globalisation and its impact on Indian Economy, Natural Disasters in India (Earthquake, Drought, Flood, Cyclone, Tsunami, Himalayan Highland Hazards and Disasters.)
  • Accountability and control: Institutional mechanism for checks and balances, legislative control over the executive, administrative and budgetary control, control through parliamentary committees, judicial control over legislature and executive, administrative culture, corruption, and administrative reforms

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