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UGC NET Philosophy Syllabus PDF 2023 (Latest) download
UGC NET Syllabus 2023: Considering the fact that the syllabus plays a prominent role in boosting up the preparation, we have provided the detailed UGC NET syllabus and exam pattern for 2023Paper-I & Paper-II. The students should prepare accordingly with the updated UGC NET Syllabus 2023 for the subjects they have registered for. In this article, we have provided the complete detail about UGC NET Syllabus & Exam Pattern for your reference.
UGC NET Syllabus 2023
National Testing Agency had revised the UGC NET Syllabus and in this article we have covered the revised syllabus only. UGC NET exam is conducted in two papers (Paper-I and Paper-II) consisting of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and all questions are compulsory. Candidates need to complete both papers in a single duration of three hours. To score good marks in the exam, read the detailed syllabus and start your preparation now.
UGC NET Exam Pattern 2023
UGC NET 2023 Examination will be conducted in online mode (Computer Based Test). Before looking into the detailed syllabus of the NTA UGC NET Syllabus 2023, the student must be familiar with the updated UGC NET Exam Pattern 2023, which has been discussed below
|Paper||Pattern of Paper||Number of Questions||Marks||Total|
|Paper-I||The questions will be generic in nature, intending to assess the teaching/research aptitude of the candidate.||50||100||03 hours (180 minutes)|
|Paper-II||This is based on the subject selected by the candidate and will assess domain knowledge.||100||200|
1. For each correct answer the candidate will get 2 marks in both Paper 1 & 2.
2. There is no negative marking for incorrect answers in UGC NET 2023 exam.
3. No marks will be given for questions Unanswered/Marked for Review.
4. All questions are mandatory.
5. If a question is found to be incorrect/ambiguous during the key challenge, the candidate who have attempted the question and chosen one of the correct answers would be given the credit. If there is any dropped question(s), marks will be awarded to all the candidates.
UGC NET Syllabus 2023
The first step of preparing for UGC NET is to be familiar with the UGC NET syllabus as this helps the aspirants to strategise their preparations in a well-defined manner. UGC NET 2023 exam will consist of 2 papers (Paper 1 & Paper 2), the UGC NET Paper 1 will be a common paper for all candidates while Paper 2 will be based on the subject selected by the candidate. Let’s have a look at the detailed UGC NET Syllabus for UGC NET 2023 Exam
UGC NET Syllabus for Paper 1
The UGC NET syllabus for Paper 1 consists of the subjects that will be helpful in analysing the candidate’s teaching and research ability, cognitive abilities, general awareness about teaching and learning processes in the higher education system. The detailed syllabus and UGC NET Paper-1 Syllabus PDF file link have been provided below:
Unit-I: Teaching Aptitude Syllabus
Teaching: Concept, Objectives, Levels of teaching (Memory, Understanding and Reflective), Characteristics and basic requirements.
Learner’s characteristics: Characteristics of adolescent and adult learners (Academic, Social, Emotional and Cognitive), Individual differences.
Factors affecting teaching related to Teacher, Learner, Support material, Instructional facilities, Learning environment and Institution.
Methods of teaching in Institutions of higher learning: Teacher centred vs. Learner-centred methods; offline vs. Online methods (Swayam, Swayamprabha, MOOCs etc.).
Teaching Support System: Traditional, Modern and ICT based.
Evaluation Systems: Elements and Types of evaluation, Evaluation in Choice Based Credit System in Higher education, Computer-based testing, Innovations in evaluation systems.
Unit-II: Research Aptitude Syllabus
Research: Meaning, Types, and Characteristics, Positivism and Postpositivistic approach to research.
Methods of Research: Experimental, Descriptive, Historical, Qualitative and Quantitative Methods, Steps of Research.
Thesis and Article writing: Format and styles of referencing.
Application of ICT in research.
Unit-III Comprehension Syllabus
A passage of text is given. Questions are asked from the passage to be answered.
Communication: Meaning, types and characteristics of communication.
Effective communication: Verbal and Non-verbal, Inter-Cultural and group communications, Classroom communication.
Barriers to effective communication.
Mass-Media and Society.
Unit-V: Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude Syllabus
Types of reasoning.
Number series, Letter series, Codes and Relationships.
Mathematical Aptitude (Fraction, Time & Distance, Ratio, Proportion and Percentage, Profit and Loss, Interest and Discounting, Averages etc.).
Unit-VI: Logical Reasoning Syllabus
Understanding the structure of arguments: argument forms, the structure of categorical propositions, Mood and Figure, Formal and Informal fallacies, Uses of language, Connotations and denotations of terms, Classical square of opposition.
Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning.
Venn diagram: Simple and multiple uses for establishing the validity of arguments.
Indian Logic: Means of knowledge.
Pramanas: Pratyaksha (Perception), Anumana (Inference), Upamana (Comparison), Shabda (Verbal testimony), Arthapatti (Implication) and Anupalabddhi (Non-apprehension).
Structure and kinds of Anumana (inference), Vyapti (invariable relation), Hetvabhasas (fallacies of inference).
Unit-VII: Data Interpretation Syllabus
Sources, acquisition and classification of Data.
Quantitative and Qualitative Data.
Graphical representation (Bar-chart, Histograms, Pie-chart, Table-chart and Line-chart) and mapping of Data.
Data and Governance.
Unit-VIII: Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Syllabus
ICT: General abbreviations and terminology.
Basics of the Internet, Intranet, E-mail, Audio and Video-conferencing.
Digital initiatives in higher education.
ICT and Governance.
Unit-IX: People, Development and Environment Syllabus
Development and environment: Millennium development and Sustainable development goals.
Human and environment interaction: Anthropogenic activities and their impacts on the environment.
Environmental issues: Local, Regional and Global; Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Noise pollution, Waste (solid, liquid, biomedical, hazardous, electronic), Climate change and its Socio-Economic and Political dimensions.
Impacts of pollutants on human health.
Natural and energy resources: Solar, Wind, Soil, Hydro, Geothermal, Biomass, Nuclear and Forests.
Natural hazards and disasters: Mitigation strategies.
Environmental Protection Act (1986), National Action Plan on Climate Change, International agreements/efforts -Montreal Protocol, Rio Summit, Convention on Biodiversity, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, International Solar Alliance.
Unit-X: Higher Education System Syllabus
Institutions of higher learning and education in ancient India.
Evolution of higher learning and research in Post Independence India.
Oriental, Conventional and Non-conventional learning programmes in India.
Professional, Technical and Skill-Based education.
Value education and environmental education.
Policies, Governance, and Administration.
UGC NET Philosophy Syllabus
NTA UGC NET/JRF/SET/SLET Syllabus for Philosophy, Code No: 03 is given below
UGC NET Philosophy Paper-2 Syllabus
1. Classical Indian Philosophy
Vedic and Upanisadic world – views: Rta – the cosmic order, the divine and the human realms; the centrality of the institution of yajna (sacrifice), the concept of rna – duty / obligation; theories of creation Atman – Self (and not – self), Jagrat, Svapna, Susupti and turlya, Brahman, sreyas and preyas
Karma, samsara, moksa.
Carvaka: Pratyaksa as the only pramana, critique of anumana and sabda, rejection of non – material entities and of dharma and moksa.
Jainism: Concept of reality – sat, dravya, guna, paryaya, Jiva, ajiva, anekantavada, syadvada and nayavada; theory of knowledge; bondage and liberation.
Buddhism : Four noble truths, astahgamarga, nirvana, madhyam pratipad, pratityasamutpada, ksanabhahgavada, anatmavada.
Schools of Buddhism : Vaibhasika, Sautrantika, Yogacara and Madhyamika.
Nyaya: Prama and apramd, pramanya and apramanya; pramdna : pratyaksa nirvikalpaka, savikalpaka, laukika and alaukika; anurndna : anvayavyatireka, lingapardmarsa uydpti.
Classification : vyaptigrahopayas, hetvdbhasa, upamana.
Sabda: Sakti, laksana, akanksa, yogyata, sannidhi and tatparya,
Concept of God, arguments for the existence of God, adrsta, nihsryeasa.
Vaisesika: Concepts of padartha, dravya, guna karma, sdmanya, samavaya, visesa, abhdua, causation: Asatkaryavada, samavayu asamavayi nimitta karana, paramdnuvada adrsta, nihsiryeas.
Samkhya: Satkaryavdda, prakrti and its evolutes, arguments for the existence of prakrti, nature of purusa, arguments for the existence and plurality of purusa relationship between purusa and prakrti, kaivalya, atheism.
Yoga : Patanjali’s concept of citta and citta – vrtti, eight – fold path of yoga, the role of God in yoga.
Purva – Mimamsa : Sruti and its importance, atheism of purvajritinamsa, classification of srutivakyas, vidhi, nisedha and arthavada, dharma, bhavana, sabdanityavada, Jatisaktivada, Kumarila and Prabhakara Schools of mlmamsa and their major points of difference, triputi – samvit, jnatata, abhava and anupalabdhi, anvitdbhidhanavada, abihifdhvayavada
Advaita – Rejection of difference: Adhyasa, maya, three grades of satta, Jiva, Jtvanmukti, Vivartavada.
Visispadvaita: Saguna Brahman, refutation of maya, aprthaksiddhi parindmavada, Jiva, bhakti and prapatti, Dvaita – Rejection of nirguna brahman and maya, bheda and saksi, bhakti.
2. Modern Indian Thinkers
Vivekananda – Practical Vedanta, Universal Religion.
Aurobindo – Evolution, Mind and supermind, integral Yoga.
Iqbal – Self, God, Man and Superman.
Tagore – Religion of Man, Ideas on Education.
K. C. Bhattacharyya – Concept of Philosophy, Subject as freedom, the Doctrine of Maya.
Radhakrishnan – Intellect and intuition, the idealist view of life.
J. Krishnamurti – Freedom from the known, analysis of self.
Gandhi – Non – violence, Satyagraha, Swaraj, Critique of Modern Civilization.
Ambedkar – Varna and the caste system, Neo – Buddhism.
3. Classical Western Philosophy
Early Greek Philosophers, Plato and Aristotle, Ionians, Pythagoras, Parmenides, Heraclitus and Democritus.
The Sophists and Socrates
Plato – Theory of knowledge, knowledge (episteiw) and opinion (doxa), theory of Ideas, the method of dialectic, soul and God.
Aristotle – Classification of the sciences, the theoretical, the practical and the productive ( theoria, praxis, techne ), logic as an organon, critique of Plato’s theory of Ideas, theory of causation, form and matter, potentiality and actuality, soul and God.
St. Augustine – Problem of Evil.
St. Anselm – Ontological argument.
St. Thomas Aquinas – Faith and Reason, Essence and Existence, the Existence of God.
4. Modern Western Philosophy
Descartes: Conception of method and the need for method in philosophy, clarity and distinctness as the criterion of truth, doubt and methodological scepticism, the cogito – intuition or inference? innate ideas, the ‘real’ distinction between mind and matter, role of God, proofs for the existence of God, mind – body interactionalism.
Spinoza: Substance, Attribute and Mode, the concept of ‘God or Nature’, the mind – body problem, pantheism, three orders of knowing.
Leibniz: Monadology, truths of reason and truths of fact, innateness of all ideas, proofs for the existence of God, principles of non – contradiction, sufficient reason and identity of indiscemibles, the doctrine of pre – established harmony, problem of freedom and philosophy.
Locke : Ideas and their classification, refutation of innate ideas, theory of knowledge, three grades of knowledge, theory of substance, distinction between primary and secondary qualities.
Berkeley: Rejection of the distinction between primary and secondary qualities, immaterialism, critique of abstract ideas, esse est percipi, the problem of solipsism; God and self
Hume : Impressions and ideas, knowledge concerning relations of ideas and knowledge concerning matters of fact, induction and causality, the external world and the self, personal identity, rejection of metaphysics, scepticism, reason and the passions.
Critical Philosophy and After
Kant: The critical philosophy, classification of judgements, possibility of synthetic a priori judgements, the Copernican revolution, forms of sensibility, categories of understanding, the metaphysical and the transcendental deduction of the categories, phenomenon and noumenon, the Ideas of Reason – soul, God and world as a whole, freedom and immortality, rejection of speculative metaphysics.
Hegel: The conception of Geist (spirit), the dialectical method, concepts of being, non – being and becoming, absolute idealism.
Nietzsche: Critique of western culture, will to power.
Moore: Refutation of idealism, defence of commonsense, philosophy and analysis.
Russell: Refutation of idealism, logic as the essence of ‘philosophy, logical atomism.
Wittgenstein: Language and reality, facts and objects, names and propositions, the picture theory, philosophy and language, meaning and use, forms of life.
Husserl: The Husserlian method, intentionality.
Heidegger: Being and nothingness, man as being – in – the – world, critique of technological civilization.
Logical Positivism: The verifiability theory of meaning, the verification principle, rejection of metaphysics, unity of science.
C. S. Pierce and William James: Pragmatic theories of meaning and truth.
G. Ryle: Systematically misleading expressions, category mistake, concept of mind, critique of Cartesian dualism.
UGC NET Paper-2 Syllabus Continues
The following part of the UGC NET syllabus were previously under UGC NET Paper-3 (Part-A and Part-B) syllabus in Philosophy, however, as UGC has now only two papers i.e. UGC NET Paper-1 which is general and compulsory for all subjects and UGC NET Paper-2 on the specific subject (including all electives, without options) instead of previous three papers i.e. UGC NET Paper-1 which was general and compulsory for all subjects and UGC NET Paper-2 and Paper-3 on the specific subject, so, now-a-days, the following part is also considered as part of the UGC NET Paper-2 syllabus.
[Core Group] [Elective / Optional]
Elective – I
[Candidates will be expected to be familiar with the main tenets and practices of the following groups of religions: (1) Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism; (2) Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam; (3) tribal religions of India].
Possibility and need of comparative religion, commonality and differences among religions, the nature of inter – religious dialogue and understanding, religious experience, modes of understanding the divine, the theory of liberation, the means for attaining liberation, the God – man relation in religions, world – views (Weltanschaunngen) in religions, immortality, the doctrine of incarnation and prophethood, religious hermeneutics, religion and moral social values, religion and secular society.
Elective – II
General: The linguistic turn and the conception of philosophy.
Semantics: Frege’s distinction between sense and reference, concepts and objects, related problems and their proposed solutions : (a) Identity, (b) Negative Existentials, (c) Indirect Speech, (d) Propositional Attitudes, the meaning and role of singular terms : (a) Proper names, (b) definite descriptions, (c) demonstratives and other indexicals; the relation between
meaning and truth, holistic and atomistic approach to meaning, what is a theory of meaning?
Pragmatics: Meaning and use; speech acts [The above problem areas require candidate’s familiarity with the works of Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein, Austin, Quine, Strawson, Davidson, Dummett and Searle].
Elective – III
[The purpose here is to assess the candidate’s acquaintence with the central concepts in phenomenology and hermeneutics].
Phenomenology as an approach to the understanding of the human condition, consciousness and intentionality, phenomenology and solipsism, the life – world (Lebenswelt), interpretation, understanding and the human sciences, the idea of the text, conflict of interpretation and the possibilities of agreement, culture, situatedness and interpretation.
Elective – IV
[This covers vedanta philosophy with special reference to five main acharyas viz. Sankara, Ramanuja, Madhava, Nimbarka and Vallabha, The purpose is to test the candidate’s acquaintance with vedanta philosophy in its rich and divergent forms].
Sources, General Features, similarities and differences, Brahman: Definition and interpretations, distinction between saguna and nirguna arid its relevance in the formation of different schools of vedanta, maya.: Its nature, arguments for and against mdya, atman : Its nature, relation between atman and Brahman; Jiva; interpretation of mahdvdkyas, e.g. tat tvam asi.
Moksa: Nature and types, marga or sadhand, roles played by jnana, karma and bhakti, different conceptions of bhakti, theories of causation, Brahman as the cause of the world: Different interpretations, prama, pramanas, special role played by sabda pramdna and intuition ( saksatkara / aparoksanubhuti, theories of khyatis ).
Elective – V
[The intention here is to explore the availability of Gandhian ideas in the central debates in philosophy].
Conceptions of Knowledge, Truth and Love and their Relationship, Language, Understanding and Culture, Engagement with Tradition, Self, World and God, Woman, Sexuality and Brahmacharya, Moral Foundations of Good Life : Dharrna, Swaraj, Satyagraha and Ahimsa, Community and Fellowship; the Good Society : Statelessness, Trusteeship, Sarvodaya, Panchayati Raj, Religion, Tapasya, Service, Means – end Relationship, Gandhi and the Gandhians : break, continuity and innovation.
Philosophy: Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Philosophy is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument. In more casual speech, by extension, “philosophy” can refer to “the most basic beliefs, concepts, and attitudes of an individual or group”. The word “philosophy” comes from the Ancient Greek φιλοσοφία (philosophia), which literally means “love of wisdom”. The introduction of the terms “philosopher” and “philosophy” has been ascribed to the Greek thinker Pythagoras.